Position:THE SCENE

Corporate optimism

Upbeat. Do you think the world economy will improve, stay the same or decline over the next 12 months? That question asked by PwC's Global CEOs Survey revealed that 97% of the executives consulted worldwide were optimistic about the short term.

For the first time since the world survey was launched in 2012, most of the CEOs interviewed think the global economy is going to improve. Africa and the EEC (European Economic Community) are the regions that are least optimistic.

Increase from 2017 to 2018 +97% +95% +139% Global Latin America North America 2012 15% 13% 18% 2013 18% 15% 18% 2014 44% 41% 41% 2015 37% 34% 37% 2016 27% 21% 16% 2017 29% 33% 26% 2018 57% 65% 63% Source: PwC, 21st Annuel Global CEOs Survey. Base: All respondents (2018=1,293; 2017=1,379; 2016=1,409; 2015=1,322; 2014=1,344; 2013=1,330; 2012=1,258) Note: Table made from bar graph. Women kept out Dangerous protectionism. Even though economies are growing faster with the contribution of women, many countries restrict their chances of working freely. Night work, risky or "inappropriate" work are among these restrictions, according to the World Bank. Percentage of economies which restrict women's employment, by type of restriction (%) Jobs deemed Industry hazardous, specific arduous or restrictions morally (eg. in mining inappropiate or construction) South Asia 50% 63% Europe & Central Asia 36% 56% Latin America & Caribbean 19% 16% East Asia & Pacific 8% 32% OECD high income 6% 9% Restrictions on working during night hours South Asia 63% Europe & Central Asia 20% Latin America & Caribbean 6% East Asia & Pacific 18% OECD high income 0% Source: Women, Business and the Law, 2018. More development, fewer restrictions. For once, Latin America is not doing so badly. The limitations on women's work in this region are less than half of those for women in South Asia. Note: Table made from bar graph. Global threats Different realities. The fears of a society reveal their levels of development. While the CEOs of North America worry...

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