NATIONAL MEDIATION BOARD
1301 K Street NW., Suite 250 East, Washington, DC 20572
Phone, 202-692-5000. Internet, http://www.nmb.gov.
Chairman Read Van de Water
Members Edward J. Fitzmaurice, Jr., Harry R. Hoglander
Director, Mediation Services Larry Gibbons
Senior Mediators Les Parmelee, Patricia Sims
Director, Alternative Dispute Daniel Rainey
Senior Mediator (Alternative Linda Puchala
General Counsel, Office of Legal Mary Johnson
Associate General Counsel Kate Dowling
Director, Arbitration Services Roland Watkins
Director, Administration June King
The National Mediation Board assists in maintaining a free flow of commerce in the railroad and airline industries by resolving labor-
management disputes that could disrupt travel or imperil the economy. The Board also handles railroad and airline employee representation disputes and provides administrative and financial support in adjusting grievances in the railroad industry.
The National Mediation Board (NMB), established by the 1934 amendments to the Railway Labor Act (RLA) of 1926 (45 U.S.C. 151-158, 160-162,
1181-1188), is an independent agency performing a central role in facilitating harmonious labor-management relations within two of the Nation's key transportation sectors--the railroads and airlines. Pursuant to the RLA, NMB programs provide an integrated dispute resolution process that effectively meets the NMB's statutory mandate to minimize work stoppages by securing voluntary agreements.
The RLA has five general purposes, as follows:
--to avoid interruptions to interstate commerce in the airline and railroad industries;
--to ensure the right of employees to freely determine whether they wish to be represented for collective bargaining purposes;
--to ensure the independence of labor and management for self-
organization to carry out the purposes of the act;
--to provide for the settlement of collective bargaining disputes; and
--to provide for the settlement of disputes over the interpretation of existing collective bargaining agreements.
The Railway Labor Act of 1926 provided for mandatory mediation and interest arbitration in contract negotiations, as well as for section 10 Presidential Emergency Boards to enhance dispute resolution. Key amendments to the act in 1934 established a three-member National Mediation Board and authorized it to resolve employee representation...