Mutual incompatibility.

Position:JAMES KUGEL

It is conceptually less tortuous to believe that the biblical writings are divinely inspired works and ideas of man, and thereby merit their consideration as a valid framework of religion. The rhetoric of science is an exercise in attempted disproof of hypotheses, so that they may be replaced by newer, evolving hypotheses which better fit empirical observation. This cannot be equated with religious rhetoric, which searches for ad hoc, non-disprovable justifications of an immutable axiomatic ethical framework. They are, as Kugel points out, quite incompatible. Both may be needed, however, since divine inspiration points to an ethical core...

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