Motions to Dismiss

AuthorMichael Barr/Sharon Gerstman/Burton Lipshie
Pages1187-1246
36-1
CHAPTER 36
MOTIONS TO DISMISS
QUICK VIEW
 Α µοτιον το δισµισσ 
Α ποστ−ανσωερ µοτιον το δισµισσ µαψ βε βρουγητ ασ α συµµαρψ ϕυδγµεντ µοτιον, ορ µαψ βε χονϖερτεδ το α συµµαρψ

 Ρυλεσ ανδ τεχηνιθυεσ αππλιχαβλε το µοϖινγ το δισµισσ αχτιονσ ανδ χλαιµσ, οπποσινγ τηε µοτιον, ανδ χονϖερτινγ



Βοτη Παρτιεσ:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Μοϖινγ παρτψ:
Βεφορε δεχιδινγ το µοϖε το δισµισσ:
 
 
 
 
 
Οπποσινγ παρτψ:
 
 
 
 
 

 


New York Civil Practice Before Trial 36-2
Related Topics: Summary Judgment, Ch 37; Motion Practice, Ch 16; Pleadings, Ch 15.
Forms: Σεε διγιταλ αχχεσσ φορ τηε φολλοωινγ φορµσ:
• Form 36:10, Notice of Motion to Dismiss for Failure to State a Cause of Action
• Form 36:20, Armation in Support of Motion to Dismiss for Failure to State a Cause of Action
• Form 36:30, Adavit in Support of Motion to Dismiss for Failure to State a Cause of Action
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. OVERVIEW
A. Nature and Purpose
§36:01 To Dismiss Complaint or Cause of Action
§36:02 To Challenge Defensive Pleadings
§36:03 May Raise Multiple Grounds
§36:04 Not Applicable to Dismiss Summons with Notice
B. Distinguished from Other Motions
§36:10 Motion for Summary Judgment
§36:11 Discovery Sanctions
§36:12 Motion to Correct Pleadings
§36:13 Other Dismissal Motions
C. Advantages
§36:20 Obviates Need for Answer
§36:21 Eliminates Claims
§36:22 Eliminates Defenses
D. Disadvantages
§36:30 Early Preparation of Defenses Required
§36:31 Expense of Motion
§36:32 Plainti’s Opportunity to Replead
E. Governing Law
§36:40 Local Rules and Practice
§36:41 Cases
II. WHEN TO FILE THE MOTION; WAIVER
A. Motion to Dismiss Complaint or Claim
1. Waiver Considerations
§36:50 Waivable Dismissal Grounds
§36:51 Jurisdictional Grounds Waived if Motion Made and They Are Not Asserted
§36:52 Caveat: Don’t Lose Your Jurisdictional Defenses
§36:53 Only One Motion May Be Made
§36:54 Nonwaivable Grounds
2. Before or After Responsive Pleading
§36:60 Motion Should Be Made Within Time for Responsive Pleading
§36:61 Motion Made After Responsive Pleading
§36:62 IN PRACTICE: Before or After Filing Response?
§36:63 Eect of Amendment of Complaint on Motion to Dismiss
3. Motion Based on Improper Service
§36:70 60-Day Rule
§36:71 Application of 60-Day Rule to Actions Pending on January 1, 1997
§36:72 60 Days May Be Extended for “Undue Hardship”
§36:73 “Undue Hardship” Requires More Than “Good Cause”
§36:74 “Law Oce Failure” May Not Be Considered
§36:75 Five Days for Mailing Inapplicable
§36:76 Defense Raised in Amended Answer
§36:77 Eect on Third-Party Action
36-3 Motions to Dismiss
B. Other Dismissal Motions
 
 
III. GROUNDS
A. Jurisdictional Objections
1. Subject Matter Jurisdiction [CPLR 3211(a)(2)]
a. General Considerations
 
 
b. Preemption by Federal Law
 
 
 
c. Claims Against the State
 
 
d. Nonjusticiability
 
 
2. Personal Jurisdiction [CPLR 3211(a)(8)]
a. Preliminary Considerations
 
 
b. Defective Summons
 
 
c. Improper Service of Process
 
 
 
 
d. Court Lacks Jurisdiction Over Defendant
 
 
 
 
3. In Rem and Quasi-in-Rem Jurisdiction [CPLR 3211(a)(9)]
 
 
 
 
B. Lack of Capacity to Sue [CPLR 3211(a)(3)]
1. Preliminary Considerations
 
 
2. Claimant Under Legal Disability
a. Types
 
 
b. Unlicensed Foreign Corporation
 
 
 

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