Measuring Complexity: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis Approach

AuthorJohn C. Reed,George E. Higgins
Published date01 November 2017
Date01 November 2017
Subject MatterArticles
Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice
2017, Vol. 33(4) 380 –391
© The Author(s) 2017
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DOI: 10.1177/1043986217724531
Measuring Complexity:
A Confirmatory Factor
Analysis Approach
John C. Reed Jr.1 and George E. Higgins1
This study examines complexity as a measure of support for organizational redirection.
This study considers whether 16 items (culture, mission, values, decentralization, policies
and procedures, administrative reporting practices, weapons, contract, pay, benefits,
patrol boundaries, equalization of workload, size of boundaries, communications,
10-codes, and car numbers) appropriately characterized a suppressed measure of
complexity related to complex organizational change, a police department merger.
The current study utilizes data collected from 390 sworn officers from two merged
law enforcement agencies in Kentucky. The results of the structural equation model
analysis supported the view that four factors (mission, logistics, benefits, and policy)
fashion an underlying construct for measuring complexity related to organizational
change/redirection. The implications of these findings are also considered.
complexity, factor analysis, organizational change, organizational redirection, police
consolidation, merger
Change and the characteristic complexity that accompanies much of it exists in all
organizations, especially during large-scale events such as a government merger. The
research on organizational change is plentiful, generating a mass of insights. However,
to date, the research on complexity related to organizational change, and support for
the redirection, is less abundant. Academics and practitioners are increasingly seeing
complexity theories as a way of understanding organizations and promoting change
1University of Louisville, KY, USA
Corresponding Author:
John C. Reed Jr., Southern Police Institute, McCandless Hall, University of Louisville, Louisville,
KY 40292, USA.
724531CCJXXX10.1177/1043986217724531Journal of Contemporary Criminal JusticeReed and Higgins

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