Identifying and mapping the information science and scientometrics analysis studies in India (2005-2009): a bibliometric study.

Author:Mulla, K.R.


Information science is primarily concerned with the analysis of collection, classification, manipulation, storage, retrieval and dissemination of information. However, it is actually a broad, interdisciplinary field, incorporating not only aspects of computer science, but also diverse fields of all branches of knowledge. Since Vassily V. Nalimov coined the term 'scientometrics' in the 1960s, this term has grown in popularity and is used to describe the study of science growth, structure, interrelationships and productivity of literature (Hood & Wilson, 2001). Scientometrics is the science of measuring and analyzing science. In practice, scientometrics is often done using bibliometrics which is a measurement of the impact of publications. Bibliometrics and Scientometrics are a set of methods for measuring the production and dissemination of knowledge (Wikipedia, 2010). In recent days there are many articles have been written on bibliometrics. The researchers writing articles in professional manner means of reporting their research activities to the scientific world, this mode provides the latest knowledge to the research community and helps them in preparing their research proposals. Research productivity is assessed in terms of publications. The productivity of ISS has undergone significant change in multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary research activities. Some of the notable studies from India in the fields were Kademani and Kalyane (1996), Gupta, Suresh, Sangam and Karisiddappa (2002), Sangam, Gupta and Kumar (2007), Ramesh (2007), Ravi and Kumar (2008), Modak and Madras (2008), Surwase, Kademani and Kumar (2008), Kaliyaperumal and Natarajan (2009), Maheswaran, Kumar and Sridharan (2009), Joshi, Kshitij and Garg (2010), Hazarika, Sarma and Sen (2010), Patra, Swapan and Chand (2009). In this present study the growth of literature in ISS were derived from the Indian Science Abstract (ISA) database for the period 2005-2009.

Literature Study

This article aims to reveals the information science and scientometrics literature published, however only a few relevant bibliometric studies have been covered for reviewing the past literature on the field. Levitt and Thelwall (2009) were examined the 82 most highly cited information science and library science articles in the Web of Science from the perspectives of disciplinarily, annual citation patterns, and author citation profiles shows that high quality ideas and methods are often deployed many years after being published (Levitt & Thelwall, 2009). However, Doug Way (2010) studied the open access availability of Library and Information Science research, a study was conducted using Google Scholar to search for articles from 20 top journals. Further examine whether Google Scholar was able to find any links to full text, if open access versions of the articles were available and where these articles were being hosted (Doug Way, 2010). Another study was carried by Egghe, Goovaerts and Kretschmer (2008) were investigated the formulations of the relation between collaboration and production of two different data set that consisting of articles published in journal and the institutional repository of the University Hasselt. The study reveals that, the high collaboration was found in the University Hasselt repository than in the Scientometrics journal. (Egghe, Goovaerts & Kretschmer (2008). Anyi, Zainab & Anuar (2009) analyzed bibliometric studies cover journals in various fields which are considered important i.e., Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences; Medical and Health Sciences; Sciences and Technology; Library and Information Sciences. A Asian and African contribution was high and number of bibliometrists from Indians and as such coverage of Indian journals was high; the quality of the journals and their importance either nationally or internationally inferred from their indexation status.

Another bibliometrics study was carried by Gupta, Kumar, Sangam and Karisiddappa (2002) were analyzed the applicability of selected publications growth in six sub-disciplines of social sciences, namely anthropology, economics, history, political science, psychology, and sociology in the world and verify the criteria for selecting the most appropriate growth model suggested by Eggheand Rao (1992) (Gupta, Kumar, Sangam & Karisiddappa, 2002).Similarly Dinesh (2007) investigated on the history and growth of library and information science marketing literature, it classifies library and information science marketing literature in to review publications and bibliographies, books (include conference publication), journals and news letters and web based literature. These four sources represent principle outlets for disseminating knowledge of library and information science marketing (Dinesh, 2007). Sangam and Meera (2008) analyzed the growth pattern of Chemical Science literature and describe the year wise growth of Indian research papers in the 13 fields of Chemical sciences. They investigated the pattern of authorship, degree of collaboration and type of collaboration linkages in subfields (Sangam & Meera, 2008). Another study was carried by Girap, Surwase, Sagar, Kademani and Kumar (2009) analyzed the publications of TPPED at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre. The study reveals that year wise highest publications average number of publications, most prolific authors and preferred journals for publishing the articles. Collaboration trend was multi-authored publications, were more of total publications (Girap, Surwase, Sagar, Kademani and Kumar, 2009). However, Basak and Sathyanaray (2010) analyzed the original papers was undertaken to assess the different aspects of community pharmacy practice in India. The MEDLINE, Index Copernicus, IndMed, DOAJ databases and the journals such as Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Indian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy was used as data sources. Type of papers, type of journals, category of papers, production indicators and impact factor of the journals were analyzed (Basak & Sathyanaray, 2010).

Objectives of the Study

The main objectives of the present study are:

* To sketch the frequency of articles volume and year wise

* To examine the distribution of articles by contributors

* To assess the authorship pattern volume wise

* To observe the length of papers

* To study the degree of collaboration among the authors

* To know the types of the documents

* To understand the degree of collaboration among co-authors

* To analyze the degree of collaboration among different category of authors

* To discover the contributors by geographical location

* To discover the core journals for publishing papers


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