Scientometric study is a quantitative of written communication and it is essential for the effective management of libraries within their budget provisions. The quantitative data is used to keep control over the cost of library collection and essential books and periodical collections that satisfy the need of the readers. Librarians began to use quantitative techniques in their day to day administration, especially to evaluate libraries and their services. The scientometric studies play a vital role in the process of information research. Many reasons are responsible for the development of research in scientometric and they are discussed here. The major focus of the study is to apply the Scientometric analysis with a view of analyze the performance of research output on Oceanography in India. Present study focuses attention on the growth of literature, authorship pattern, journal coverage, institutions involved in active research etc.
The scientometric studies play a vital role in the process of information research. Scientometric studies have shown that all the pieces of published information do not have equal importance. Present study focuses attention on the growth of literature, authorship pattern, journal coverage, institutions involved in active research etc. Citation studies are recognized as an indicator of influence of published work on the scientific community. This study attempts to analysis the performance of Oceanography research output in terms of its content and coverage, growth rates, areas of research concentration, author productivity, and authorship pattern, journals and articles and other means of assisting the peer review procedure. Performance of research institutions in promotion of Oceanography research is also given due emphasis.
Objectives of the Study
The main objective of this study is to examine the current status of Indian Oceanography, as reflected in the country research output during 2008-2013.The researcher has framed the following objectives for the purpose of present research.
To identify and analyses the rate of growth of research productivity;
To examine the Year wise distribution of publications;
To identify the Document wise distribution of publications output;
To analyses the authorship pattern and examine the extent of research collaboration and ranking of authors based on publications output;
To identify journal wise distribution of publications output;
To assess the Institution wise research concentration;
To identify Country--wise Collaborative Distribution of Publications;
To prepare a ranking list of core journals conforms the implication of Bradford's law.
To test the applicability of Lotka's law to the scientific productivity of authors.
The study entitled "Mapping of Oceanography Research Productivity in India: A Scientometric Analysis" is a study encompassing records output on Science from Aquatic Science and Fisheries Abstract (ASFA) data base. The present study aims at analyzing the research output of Researchers in the field of Oceanography. The growth rates of output in terms of research productivity are analyzed from 2008 to 2013. The authorship pattern and author productivity are examined to identify the pattern of research contribution in the field of Oceanography. All the publications of Oceanography Scientists in India in the field were retrieved. The data are retrieved were into a database management system for data cleaning and coding. In data cleaning, all duplicate records as well records pertaining to publication years not under the purview of our study, were eliminated It is also analytical in nature in strengthening the empirical validity due to application of suitable statistical tools.
The basic publication data used in this study is derived from the Aquatic Science and Fisheries Abstract (ASFA) data base on CD/ROM 2008-2013 were taken from Rajiv Gandhi Research Centre for Aquaculture, Sirkali, Tamilnadu as the predominant source of the present study. The raw publications data along with their citations has been downloaded from the Aquatic Science and Fisheries Abstract (ASFA) data base in August 2014. Publications data for six years from 2008 to 2013 were used for analyzing the growth and impact of Oceanography research.
ANALYSIS and Discussion
Source wise Distribution of Research output
The sources of Oceanography literature include articles published in the journals, conference / seminars, proceedings, reports, books and bulletins. This study has observed a total of 1193 publications in oceanography over a period of six years from 2008 to 2013. Out of them, articles appeared in the journals have shown a predominant contribution (61.78%). The year wise analysis indicates that the output of articles in the years 2008 was 21 whereas in the succeeding years contribution has increased considerably. However the whole study period records 737 journals articles.
The Oceanography research output appeared with conference / seminars proceedings rank as second in order (34.12%) in an overall output. The output from the reports publications records a third place (2.51%) in an overall Oceanography literature output. The books as the source of output come forth in order (1.09%) of the total Oceanography output. The bulletin constitute (0.50%) in overall Oceanography research output. It records the fifth place in the overall publications of Oceanography Literature..
Oceanography Research output of International and National Level.
Table No.2 indicates International and National Oceanography Research output explicit the following facts. In the year 2008 the published Oceanography Research output was 545 at the international levels and it rose to 18661by the end of the year 2013.Regarding Indian Oceanography Research output was 31 in 2008 and it rose to 1193 by the end of 2013.
Relative growth of India Research Output
Table-3 indicates the relative growth rate of National level (India) Oceanography Literature and also the doubling time for publications. It includes all sources of Publication. It could be observed that...