Indian LIS literature in international journals with specific reference to SSCI database: a bibliometric study.

Author:Pradhan, Pallab
Position:Social Science Citation Index - Report
 
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Introduction

Scholarly communication is the process by which scholars and scientists conduct their research and make that research works and results known to the world. It plays an important role for the advancement of knowledge and a scholar's future prospect. History is the witness about the changing process of scholarly communication from oral representation to written, than to print, and now to the electronic (on-line).

In the formal process of scholarly communication; researchers, basis on the work of others, write up their own research findings and give those research papers essentially without charge to publishers. In turn, publishers manage the peer-review process, provide some editorial improvements, format design, publication of the work, and distribute that work widely by different media-online and print. The journals are then purchased by libraries which organize, provide access to, and preserve those journal publications for future generations. Thus, the journal has been playing an important role in scholarly communication of different subject domain from very past by containing the original thought contents, ideas, views, research works, and findings of researchers, scholars and academicians.

After being accepted in western countries, the subject library and information science became a recognized discipline in India as well specifically from the year 1925 onwards. In other way, it can be say that it happens only after Dr. S.R. Ranganathan. Gradually, many organizations in India started publishing national and international journals in the subject. Indian researchers and authors also took interest and started to contribute their research papers in those journals. Now, a considerable amount of literature is contributed by Indian authors in LIS international journals and its number is gradually increasing day by day. Further, this study represents that trend.

Literature Review

The authors found a number of bibliometric study made on library and information science research as part of literature review. Mahapatra (1994) conducted a bibliometric study of citation pattern of nine Indian library and information science journals for the period 1975-1985. The study reveals that nine journals had a total of 1,456 articles and a total of 9,182 citations received with an average rate of 6.31 citations per article. Khan, et. al. (1998) did a study on library and information science literature in Bangladesh for the period 1966-1977. The study shows that a total of 308 articles were published which were authored by 116 authors on an average of 9.62 article per year, and 2.6 articles per author. Patra and Chand (2006) studied the bibliometric phenomenon of library and information science research in India for the period of 1967 to 2004. In that study, a total of 3,396 records were analyzed to find out the growth of literature, author's productivity pattern, and core LIS journals. Oholla and Ocholla (2007) conducted a study on the journal research output in South Africa for 1993-2006 in the field of library and information science. They studied about the publication trend, authorship pattern, and type of research collaboration in South Africa's journals in LISA and Web of Science databases. Davarpanah and Aslekia (2008) conducted a Scientometrics study on the productivity and characteristics of international LIS journals for the period 2000-2004. The study reveals that a total of 894 contributions were published in 56 LIS journals indexed in SSCI database 1361 authors contributed with an average author of 1.52 per paper. Out of 894 articles, 158 (about 18%) had no references; 458 (51.23%) articles were cited and 436 (48.77%) were not cited. Finally, the authors found no evidence of study done on Indian publications indexed in SSCI for the period 2000-2009. Thus, this study bridges the gape of the period.

Objectives of the Study

The following objectives are part of this study:

* To compare the growth of Indian LIS literature with the World;

* To identify and compile a list of productive Indian authors;

* To identify authorship pattern;

* To calculate reference distribution;

* To discover citation distribution patterns; and

* To discover trends in International collaboration.

Methodology

The present study passes through some important stages having a descriptive research approach by means of bibliometric analysis. It is limited to LIS journals indexed in Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) which is a unique product of

Institute of Scientific Information (Thomson Reuters). At the time of our study (1st April-5th April, 2010), there were 80 LIS journals indexed in SSCI database. The list of journals in Appendix-1 was collected from the journals "subject category" available in the database.

The time span considered for the study is 2000-2009. In order to perform quantitative analysis, this study considered only articles published in these 80 LIS journals. Publications classified as...

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