The effectiveness of a library lies in the way it puts forth its services to the community of students and teachers. The management of college libraries has become more complex due to the explosion of knowledge, increases in user population, new demands for information sources, variety and volume of information sources, lack of funds and steep prices increases, and the impact of information technologies. These influences call for new types of management techniques, and for evaluation and assessment of programs and services.
Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC)
The National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) is an autonomous body established by the University Grants Commission (UGC) of India to assess and accredit institutions of higher education in the country. It is an outcome of the recommendations of the National Policy in Education (1986) that laid special emphasis on upholding the quality of higher education in India. The system of higher education in India has expanded rapidly during the last fifty years. There have been criticisms that the country has permitted the mushrooming of institutions of higher education with substandard facilities and consequent dilution of standards. To address the issues of deterioration in quality, the National Policy on Education (1986) and the Plan of Action (POA-1992) that spelt out the strategic plans for the policies, advocated the establishment of an independent national accreditation body. Consequently, the NAAC was established in 1994 with its headquarters at Bangalore.
Vision and Mission
NAAC states that:
The activities and plans of the NAAC are guided by its vision and mission that focus on making quality assurance an integral part of the functioning of higher education institutions.
The vision of the NAAC is to make quality the defining element of higher education in India through a combination of self and external quality evaluation, promotion and sustenance initiatives.
The mission statement of the NAAC defines the following key tasks:
* To arrange for periodic assessment and accreditation of institutions of higher education or units thereof, or specific academic programme or projects.
* To stimulate the academic environment for promotion of quality of teaching-learning and research in higher education institutions.
* To encourage self-evaluation, accountability, autonomy, and innovations in higher education.
* To undertake quality-related research studies, consultancy, and training programme.
* To collaborate with other stakeholders of higher education for quality evaluation, promotion, and sustenance.
NAAC follows a three-stage assessment process:
* The preparation and submission of a self-study report by the unit of assessment.
* The on-site visit of the peer team for validation of the self-study report and for recommending the assessment outcome to the NAAC.
* The final decision by the Executive Committee of the NAAC.
Objectives of the Study
To trace the history and review the development of college education and library management at Degree Colleges of the minority-communities in India and Andhra Pradesh.
To survey personally the existing physical conditions.
To study the administrative procedures.
To study the human resources management and workforce availability
To study collection management, technical processing, shelving, inventory, weeding, and so on.
To study the quality and variety of services being offered in these libraries.
To verify whether NAAC library standards are being followed.
To study the extent of computer use or phases of computerization; availability of systems, type of software being used.
Need for the Study
A literature search shows that not many studies have been done on this topic in India nor reported to have been undertaken specifically on minority communities.
The survey method was adopted to study the existing physical conditions and management of libraries of all the Seventeen (Aided) degree colleges of minority-communities in Andhra Pradesh. Data was collected through structured questionnaires, which were administered personally, and also through interview supported by schedules, observation, and reference of registers.
The table below presents general information of the aided 17 colleges in Andhra Pradesh with NAAC grading. Only seven have been assessed by NAAC and the highest grade (A) has been awarded to St. Theresa's College in Eluru, Maris Stella College, Vijayawada and St. Francis College, Secunderabad, followed by B+ grade to Andhra Loyola College, Vijayawada, and JMJ College, Tenali, while a B was awarded to St. Joseph's in Visakhapatnam and Loyola College, Kadapa.
"College with potential for excellence" was awarded to Loyola College Vijayawada, Loyola Academy, Alwal, St. Theresa's College for Women, Eluru, and Maris Stella College, Vijayawada. The UGC award will provide financial assistance for the overall development of college, laboratories, library, etc.
Management of Library and Information Services
Fewer than one-third of these libraries (i.e., 5 out of 17) have a separate building for libraries with sufficient room stacks, reference, periodicals, etc. The environmental and physical conditions at AnwarUl-Uloom and Mumtaz college libraries are very poor and have neither a separate building nor sufficient space even to accommodate the necessary material and equipment, and there is no proper furniture or infrastructure even though they are the...