A study of models of life quality development of Isan marginal communities as affected by installation of the solar home system.

Author:Simvised, Pongsil
 
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INTRODUCTION

Basic factors which humans in both urban and rural societies have the same needs are 4 necessities for life, namely food, clothing, shelter and medicine. However, each person in each society may not receive these things equally, depending upon real situations of each area and real status of each person. Besides the 4 necessities mentioned, there are more things which humans need to make better life and more convenient travelling, needs for water supplies for consumption, needs for telephone for communication, and needs for electricity for facilitation in the daily life. These things are necessary for developing and upgrading well-being of people, and are utilities which the government must provide to respond to sufficient needs of people, particularly electric power. Electricity is regarded as a minimum need in the beginning rank which can help develop life an being of people because electricity is greatly useful power. Almost all human activities are related to electric power from getting up in the morning tell going to bed at night. Also, electric power can be changed into many other kinds of powers such as heat power, coolness power, mechanical power, light power, sound power. These kinds of powers can generate instruments, utensils, and laborsaving tools for facilitating the living in the daily life of people (1).

During the past several years, extension of electricity areas for people in remote rural areas may cost higher capitals than the advantaged returned. There was an argument that having electricity in the remote villages would stimulate poor rural people to buy luxurious appliances to use in their households. Electricity can create and develop new careers including different production activities at villages. When there are careers to do in their villages, When they have jobs to do at their villages, it will be unnecessary for these rural people to move to work in towns. When they work at their villages and live close to their families, the life quality will also become better (1). As for marginal communities or remote rural communities, there are no roads to access them, or there are inconvenient paths or they are in the forbidden areas. In these areas electric pillars cannot be put up for electric wire. So the government has had a policy for bringing in the solar home system instead of the electric system for these people to have electricity. This system can be used with 2 10-watt fluorescent lamps and a 14-inch television set for 4...

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