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Between midyear 2011 and midyear 2012, the number of inmates residing in city or county jails across the U.S. increased by 1.2 percent, according to a report by the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). This increase follows three consecutive years of a declining national jail population. The increase in population is largely due to California's Public Safety Realignment (PSR) policy, which was enacted in 2011. PSR followed a court ruling that California must reduce its prison population to deal with overcrowding. Part of California's solution is to place "nonviolent, nonserious, nonsex" offenders in county and local jails rather than prison. This has re?sulted in an increase of about 7.600 inmates in California's jails since vear-end 2011. Otherwise, the number of offenders in jail nationwide would have remained fairly stable during the period of lime studied -- the average daily populations in 2011 and 2012 were 735.565 and 735.983, respectively. The report slates that, "nearly 91 percent of the increase in the confined population during 2012 occurred in the largest jail jurisdictions -- those with an average daily population of more than 1.000 inmates." These large jails held almost half of the jail population but are less than 10 percent of jail jurisdictions as a whole. The rated capacity in the jails increased 0.8 percent from 201 1 to 2012, which equals 7.225 beds. However, this increase is only one-third of the average annual increase from 2000 to 2011 (2.4 percent, or 20,942 beds), Rated capacity at midyear 2012 was 84 percent, the lowest percentage since 1984. BJS collected this data through its Annual Survey of Jails. To view the report, visit htlp://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/jim12st.pdf.

Psychiatric disorders are prevalent among juvenile detainees, with three-fourths of females and two-thirds of males affected with one or more disorder, according to The Northwestern Juvenile Project" (NJP). NJP is a large-scale longitudinal study "designed to investigate the mental health needs and long-term outcomes of youths in the juvenile justice system." The study is funded largely by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. The sample -- 1.829 male and female youths between the ages of 10 18 -- was selected from (he Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center in Chicago. The youths participated in the study from 1995 until 1998 through structured, face-to-face interviews. NJP's key areas of measurement included...

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