Integrating Food and Nutrition Security in a Middle‐Income, Globalized, Food‐Exporting Nation: Thailand's Food Policy Challenge

AuthorJane Dixon,Mathew Kelly,Adrian Sleigh,Cathy Banwell,Sam‐ang Seubsman
Published date01 March 2017
Date01 March 2017
Integrating Food and Nutrition Security in a
Middle-Income, Globalized, Food-Exporting
Nation: ailand’s Food Policy Challenge
Mathew Kelly1, Sam-ang Seubsman2, Jane Dixon1,
Cathy Banwell1, Adrian Sleigh1
ailand is deeply linked to the world food system, with food ex-
ports key to the country’s global connections. It has been a world
leader in tackling poverty-related malnutrition and is food secure
at a national level. New challenges are emerging with increases in
obesity and diet-related disease as well as the relative poverty of
farmers constraining capacity to avoid non-sustainable agricul-
tural intensication. Here, we consider ai enmeshment in the
global food trade and impacts on food and nutrition security for
farmers and urban consumers. We review past and present poli-
cy approaches, and examine the prospects for ailand to interact
with these new challenges.
Keywords: Globalization; nutrition transition; Southeast Asia; sus-
tainability; ailand
Tailandia está profundamente vinculada al sistema de alimentos
mundial, ya que las exportaciones de comida son clave para las co-
nexiones mundiales del país. Ha sido un líder mundial en enfrentar
la desnutrición relacionada con la pobreza y tiene seguridad ali-
mentaria a nivel nacional. Nuevos desafíos están surgiendo con los
incrementos en obesidad y las enfermedades relacionadas con la
dieta, así como la pobreza relativa de los agricultores que limita la
capacidad de evitar la intensicación agrícola no sustentable. Aquí
Department of Global Health, Research School of Population Health, Australian National
University (ANU)
Sukhothai ammathirat Open University, Bangkok, ailand
World Food Policy • Vol. 3, No. 2 / Vol. 4, No. 1 • Fall 2016 / Spring 2017
doi: 10.18278/wfp.
World Food Policy
consideramos el enriquecimiento tailandés en el comercio inter-
nacional de alimentos y los impactos que tiene en la seguridad ali-
menticia y de nutrientes para los agricultores y consumidores ur-
banos. Repasamos acercamientos políticos del pasado y el presente
y examinamos los prospectos que tiene Tailandia para interactuar
con esos nuevos desafíos.
Palabras clave: Globalización; transición de nutrientes; Sudeste
Asiático; sustentabilidad; Tailandia
1. Introduction
Today’s globalized food system
has increased food availability
overall, improving food securi-
ty. Indeed, since the early 1990s global
per capita food energy availability has
increased 100–200 calories per capita
per year (Traill, Mazzocchi, Shankar, &
Hallam, 2014). Consequently, the prev-
alence of undernutrition, particularly
among children, has fallen, especially
in East Asia and Latin America (Inter-
national Food Policy Research Institute,
2013). But food security so dened does
not reect nutrition security of national
populations for two reasons. First, food
is not shared equitably due to economic
inequality within countries, so under-
nutrition persists. Second, sucient

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