Information Communication Technology (ICT) are being increasingly used in library and information services for the acquisition, processing dissemination of information. Libraries and Information centers have been using ICT infrastructures and services to satisfy the diverse information need of their users. However, these infrastructures and services are not utilized fully. Under utilization of these infrastructures and services has been a cause of concern to librarian world wide. The use of Information Communication Technology infrastructures has become increasingly important in self financing engineering college libraries. Self financing engineering college libraries are switching over to ICT infrastructures at an accelerated pace. E-Journals, CD_ROM databases, online data bases, e-books, web based infrastructures and a variety of other electronic resources are fast replacing the traditional resources of self financing engineering college libraries.
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
N. Wijayasundara in his study , found that barriers in the application of Information Communication Technology and suggested techniques to overcome those barriers (1). Chandrashekhra and Mulla studied the usage pattern of electronic information resources among the engineering research community especially in Karnataka. They found that the research community seemed to move towards a greater international homogeneity. They have discussed why the developing countries like India was not fully utilizing the benefit on-line electronic information resources (2).
Nagaraju, Ramesh and Vithal in their findings showed that in India most of the future library and information professionals would work in a digital or hybrid library environment (3). Varadharajan in his study says that a series of training courses on digital libraries could provide a good balance of topics covering the technological, technical, management and social issues (4).
K.Haneefa conducted a study and came out that the services that has been used by the large percentage of users e-mail. The study adds that a good number of users are not satisfied with application of ICT in the libraries (5). Rajput et al surveyed that a large number of users were dissatisfied with the infrastructure facilities available in IES, specifically in terms of hardware facilities (6).
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The present study aims at analysing the Information Communication Technology infrastructure facilities with reference to self-financing engineering college libraries in Tamil Nadu. This study traces out the status of electronic resources in terms of topology of library network, electronic access points, electronic database, e-journals and electronic resources in the libraries of engineering colleges. The electronic sources and such other infrastructure facilities and their extent of availability could be accessed.
The following objectives are selected for the purpose of the present study:
To identify the libraries of self financing engineering college libraries in Tamil Nadu, which are adopting Information Communication Technology infrastructure facilities.
To assess the hardware and software facilities available in the self financing engineering college libraries
To assess how many information professionals are trained in handling Information Communication Technology
To assess the value and importance of library application software packages
To know the various computerized information services rendered by the libraries
To analyse the nature and topology of library network system structure and to compare the status of network environment in the libraries
To find out the total e-resource collection among the sample libraries
The present study aims at analysing the use and availability of Information Communication Technology infrastructure facilities in self-financing engineering college (SFEC) libraries in Tamilnadu. In the year 2007 the Tamil Nadu government declared the list of the 224 self financing engineering colleges for the engineering admission purpose thorough Anna University, Chennai. Questionnaires were mailed to all the librarians of self financing engineering colleges. Out of 224, 140 librarians of the respected institutions responded which makes the response rate at 62.5%. The Anna University and Directorate of Technical Education has grouped the engineering colleges on the basis of location for the administration purpose. These are divided into ten zones viz., Chennai--I, Chennai--II, Chennai--III, Chennai--IV, Vellore, Salem, Coimbatore, Trichy, Karaikudi and Tirunelveli.
The findings of this study are applicable only to the self- financing engineering libraries of Tamil Nadu and they do not represent other institutions. Among the 224 Self-financing engineering college libraries in Tamil Nadu, only 140 Self-financing engineering college libraries have been taken for the study.
PROFILE OF TAMIL NADU
Tamil Nadu State is situated at the south eastern extremity of the Indian Peninsula bounded on the north by Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, on the east by Bay of Bengal, on the South by the Indian Ocean and on the West by Kerala State. There has been a rapid growth in the number of institutions imparting education at the college level. Today, there are 32 universities and in addition, there are 4 Anna University constituent colleges, 6 government engineering colleges, 1 Central government Institutions(engineering),3 government aided engineering colleges, 224 self-finance engineering colleges, 135 polytechnics, 526 industrial institutes, 244 arts and science colleges, 27 Colleges of education , 15 oriental colleges, 5 physical education colleges and 2 schools of social work.
Data presented in table-1 indicates the distribution of self financing engineering colleges according to their zone with the accreditation details. The institutions have got their accreditation either from ISO/NBA or both. It could be noted that out of 140 colleges, 45.95 % of them have received their certification from ISO, 32.43 % of the colleges of different zones got their accreditation from NBA and 21.62% of the self financing engineering colleges have received the accreditation from both ISO and NBA. It is evident from the majority (45.95%) of the colleges got their certification from ISO.
Out of the 140 college libraries, 87.14...