Byline: Karim Haider Syed and Naudir Bakht
Pakistan People's Party had all opportunities to affect the election process as interim set up was in the hand of PPP and key posts were given to pro-PPP people. Asif Zardari as co chairman of PPP was enjoying the highest state position like President. There was a need of clear majority in the parliament to alter the amendments of the Musharraf era and to restore the constitution to its original form and PPP shared power with its political rivals like MQM, PMLQ. MQM became partner in center and provincial with PPP to run the government smoothly.
But it was an important decision to avoid political disadvantages. 1Then on December 27, 2007, Benazir Bhutto's death was great below to the PPP. On this occasion, the PPP nominated Benazir Bhutto's son Bilawal Bhutto Zardari as chairman, while his father Asif Ali Zardari was nominated as the party's co-chairman. On November 8, 2007 President Musharraf announced that the elections would be held on January 8, 2008, but due to the death of Benazir Bhutto it was announced that the elections will be conducted before February 18, 2008. 2Elections held in Pakistan on due date and resulted in Power in the hand of PPP and But as a political heir of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and Benazir, Asif Ali Zardari seemed to be failed in delivering the people. Leadership had no performance for their last 5 years. The voters were then quite wise. Instead of Bhutto's name, they were keen to see their performance. There has nothing else besides poverty and frustration. 3
Political Parties has been raising attracting slogans and distributing party manifestos during the elections campaigns since partition but the voters of Pakistan has shifted its focus on the performance of the parties and programs based on Public Issues. The elections of 2013 were eye opening for the political parties of Pakistan.
General Elections in Pakistan is good data on the the details of the 2008, general's elections in Pakistan by the author to make the thoughtful vision about the electoral process of the country and politics but this book is not providing the specifics of the other general elections of Pakistan so that any observation in the comparison of the other general elections with 2008 election results and voting behavior of people of the Pakistan. General elections of 2008 were no doubt very unique in nature and insightful to understand that the peaceful transition of the power from military dictator to the civilians. The results of the Pakistan general elections in 2008 were also interested to observe how the king maker party lost the elections and power in 2008 and PPP emerged. But Karim Haider the author of this book have not provided the background and impact of the elections on political development of Pakistan.4
The editors in this book say Pakistan is trying for the democratic principles through the electoral process in the 21st century. This book also shed light on the role of civilian and party-political leadership in decelerating the course of democratic Pakistan. Political leaders and political parties are the variables to judge the forthcoming results and impact of any political system in the contemporary world and in Pakistan these aspects are debated in this book to make indulgent about the account and future of the democracy in Pakistan, this book has not encompassed the elections results and suggestions for the electoral process but has delivered understanding about the political culture of the Pakistan5
Research study formally based on the Collection of data in any project and it is very important in the process of the research. Kindsof data and methods of the data collection are dependent on the nature of the project. In this project secondary sources of data collection are used to present the awareness and investigate the facts of the general elections of 2013 in Pakistan. To analyze the reasons and factors involving in the general elections of 2013, analytical model of research is applied and in this project to analyze the performance of Pakistan People's party. Analytical techniques of the research methodologyare very used. The nature of this work needs an analytical and descriptive approach to test the hypothesis.
The objectives of this work are significant to understand the significance of the study. So the objectives of this studyare as under
To find out the factor of performance effecting the elections of 2013.
To explain the party position of political parties taking part in the general elections of 2013.
To shed light on the achievements and failures of the PPP 2008-2013.
Performance of PPP 2008-2013
Overall, PPP led democratic government in Pakistan has less achievements and more failures. It is a good thing for the country that there was no political ambiguity after elections of 2013 and performance of the PPP satisfied the leadership of PPP to become ready to accept the defeat...