Rapid developments in information and communication technologies (ICT) and their wide application in all aspects of life have led to dramatic changes. These changes are so revolutionary that is not realistic to expect stability in their wake (1). Information technology (IT) entered into libraries, especially academic and research libraries, during the 1960s. Libraries employed IT to speed up their daily activities and reduce their operating costs. Many repetitive activities were upgraded using IT (2). IT allows integration of library activities and increases efficiency and enables users to have remote access to information and around the clock access. New technologies provide unlimited information from different sources and facilitate reformatting data from different sources (3).
Ebijuwa and ToAnyakoha (2005) (4-5) define ICT as "tools and as well as means used for collection, capture, process, storage, transmission and dissemination of information". The American Library Association (1983) (5) defines IT as "the application of computers and other technologies to the acquisition, organization, storage, retrieval and dissemination of information. The computers are used to process and store data, while telecommunications technology provides information communication tools, which make it possible for users to access databases and link them other computer networks at different locations." IT and ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) are used somewhat interchangeably.
Objectives of the Study
The major objectives of this study are
To identify the ICT infrastructure facilities available in the university libraries.
To identify the ICT based software implemented in the university libraries.
To find out the various types of electronic resources available in the university libraries.
The study is based on the primary data collected from the government university libraries and deemed university libraries given in table 1.
A structured questionnaire was designed to obtain data. The questionnaire was divided into four sections: Hardware, Software, Technologies, and Electronic Resources. Sixteen questionnaires were distributed among university librarians, of which 10 university librarians were responded (62.5%).
Review of Literature
Walmiki and Ramakrishnegowda (2009) (7) studied ICT infrastructures in university libraries of Karnataka and found that most of the libraries were u "lack sufficient hardware, software facilities and do not have adequate internet nodes and bandwidth". The campus LANs were not fully extended to exploit the benefits of digital information environment. Ahmad and Fatima (2009) (8) found that researchers use a variety of ICT products and services for research and further remarked that ICT products help "to find information, access information, manage, integrate, evaluate, create, and communicate information more easily". It was recommended that training be organized to increase the use of ICT-based products and services. Adeleke and Olorunsola (2010) (9) studied ICT and library operations found that ICT facilities were the major constraints facing libraries in the use of tools. Shafi-Ullah and Roberts (2010) (10) found that ICT infrastructure is necessary to make provide a research culture in higher education institutions and recommended allocating funds for ICT infrastructure. Etebu (2010) (11) studied ICT availability and found a...