AuthorAlly Windsor Howell
ProfessionFormer practicing lawyer from Alabama
A recent survey of more than 6,000 transgender persons conducted by
the National Center for Transgender Equality and the National Gay and
Lesbian Task Force indicated signi cant levels of housing instability for
transgender people. Twenty-six percent of respondents reported having to
nd different places to sleep for short periods of time due to bias. Eleven
percent of respondents reported having been evicted due to bias, and 19
percent reported becoming homeless due to bias.1
As with violence against transgender persons, housing discrimination
against transgender persons is pervasive. A study conducted between 1996
and 1997 found that 37 percent of transgender individuals surveyed had
experienced employment discrimination.2 In 2009, a National Transgen-
dered Discrimination Survey found:
High rates of poverty: Fifteen percent (15%) of transgender people in
the sample lived on $10,000 per year or less—double the rate of the
general population.
1. The rule referenced effect 3/15/12. See 77 Fed. Reg. 5662 (February 3, 2012).
2. Emilia L. Lombardi, Riki Anne Wilchins, Dana Priesing, and Diana Malouf, Gender
Violence: Transgendered Experiences with Violence and Discrimination, 42 J.  H-
 89 (2001).
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