HISTORY OF AGENCY
NOTE: Italicized terms indicate obsolete agencies, organizations, and programs. Refer to the name
of the obsolete entity in this index for more explanation. Some dates prior to March 4, 1933 are
included to provide additional information.
Entries are indexed using the most signiﬁcant term in their titles, or when there is more than one
signiﬁcant term, the entry uses the ﬁrst signiﬁcant term. Thus, Bureau of the Budget is found at
Budget, Bureau of the, and Annual Assay Commission is found at Assay Commission, Annual.
Accounting Ofﬁce, General Established by act
of June 10, 1921 (42 Stat. 20). Renamed Government
Accountability Ofﬁce by act of July 7, 2004 (118Stat. 814).
ACTION Established by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1971
(5 U.S.C. app.), effective July 1, 1971. Reorganized
by act of Oct. 1, 1973 (87 Stat. 405). Functions
relating to SCORE and ACT programs transferred
to Small Business Administration by EO 11871 of
July 18, 1975 (40 FR 30915). Functions exercised
by the Director of ACTION prior to Mar. 31, 1995,
transferred to the Corporation for National and
Community Service (107 Stat. 888 and Proclamation
6662 of Apr. 4, 1994 (57 FR 16507)).
Acts of Congress See State, Department of
Administrative Conference of the United
States Established by act of Aug. 30, 1964 (78 Stat.
615). Terminatedby act of Nov. 19, 1995 (109 Stat.
480). Reauthorized in 2004, 2008, and 2009 by acts
of Oct. 30, 2004 (118 Stat. 2255), July 30, 2008 (122
Stat. 2914), and March 11, 2009 (123 Stat. 656).
Reestablished by Congress on Mar. 3, 2010 upon
conﬁrmation of chairman.
Advanced Research Projects Agency See Defense
Advanced Research Projects Agency
Advisory Board. See other part of title
Aeronautical Board Organized in 1916 by agreement
of War and Navy Secretaries. Placed under supervision
of President by military order of July 5, 1939. Dissolved
by Secretary of Defense letter of July 27, 1948, and
functions transferred to Munitions Board and Research
and Development Board. Military order of July 5, 1939,
revoked by military order of Oct. 18, 1948.
Aeronautics, Bureau of Established in the Department
of the Navy by act of July 12, 1921 (42 Stat. 140).
Abolished by act of Aug. 18,1959 (73 Stat. 395) and
functions transferred to Bureau of Naval Weapons.
Aeronautics, National Advisory Committee
for Established by act of Mar. 3, 1915 (38 Stat. 930).
Terminatedby act of July 29, 1958 (72 Stat. 432), and
functions transferred to National Aeronautics and
Space Administration, established by same act.
Aeronautics Administration, Civil See Aeronautics
Aeronautics Authority, Civil Established under
act of June 23, 1938 (52 Stat. 973). Renamed Civil
Aeronautics Board and Administrator transferred to
the Department of Commerce by Reorg. Plan Nos.
III and IV of 1940, effective June 30, 1940. Ofﬁce
of Administrator designated Civil Aeronautics
Administration by Department Order 52 of Aug.
29, 1940. Administration transferred to Federal
Aviation Agency by act of Aug. 23, 1958 (72
Stat. 810). Functions of Board under act of Aug.
23, 1958 (72 Stat. 775), transferred to National
Transportation Safety Board by act of Oct. 15, 1966
(80 Stat. 931). Functions of Board terminated or
transferred—effective in part Dec. 31, 1981; in
part Jan. 1, 1983; and in part Jan. 1, 1985—by act
of Aug. 23, 1958 (92 Stat. 1744). Most remaining
functions transferred to Secretary of Transportation,
remainder to U.S. Postal Service. Termination of
Board ﬁnalized by act of Oct. 4, 1984 (98 Stat.
Aeronautics Board, Civil See Aeronautics
Aeronautics Branch Established in the Department
of Commerce to carry out provisions of act of May
20, 1926 (44 Stat. 568). Renamed Bureau of Air
Commerce by Secretary’s administrative order of July
1, 1934. Personnel and property transferred to Civil
Aeronautics Authority by EO 7959 of Aug. 22, 1938.
Aeronautics and Space Council, National Established
by act of July 29, 1958 (72 Stat. 427). Abolished by
Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1973, effective June 30, 1973.
530 U.S. GOVERNMENT MANUAL
Aging, Administration on Established by Secretary
of Health, Education, and Welfare on Oct. 1, 1965, to
carry out provisions of act of July 14, 1965 (79 Stat.
218). Reassigned to Social and Rehabilitation Service
by Department reorganization of Aug. 15, 1967.
Transferredto Ofﬁce of Assistant Secretary for Human
Development by Secretary’s order of June 15, 1973.
Transferredto the Ofﬁce of the Secretary of Health
and Human Services by Secretary’s reorganization
notice dated Apr. 15, 1991.
Aging, Federal Council on Established by
Presidential memorandum of Apr. 2, 1956.
Reconstituted at Federal level by Presidential letter of
Mar. 7, 1959, to Secretary of Health, Education, and
Welfare. Abolished by EO 11022of May 15, 1962,
which established President’s Council on Aging.
Aging, Ofﬁce of Established by Secretary of Health,
Education, and Welfare June 2, 1955, as Special Staff
on Aging. Terminated Sept. 30, 1965, and functions
assumed by Administration on Aging.
Aging, President’s Council on Established by EO
11022 of May 14, 1962. Terminated by EO 11022,
which was revoked by EO 12379 of Aug. 17, 1982.
Agricultural Adjustment Administration Established
by act of May 12, 1933 (48 Stat. 31). Consolidated
into Agricultural Conservation and Adjustment
Administration as Agricultural Adjustment Agency,
Department of Agriculture, by EO 9069 of Feb. 23,
1942. Grouped with other agencies to form Food
Production Administration by EO 9280 of Dec. 5,
1942. Transferredto War Food Administration by EO
9322 of Mar. 26, 1943. Administration terminated
by EO 9577 of June 29, 1945, and functions
transferred to Secretary of Agriculture. Transfer made
permanent by Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1946, effective
July 16, 1946. Functions of Agricultural Adjustment
Agency consolidated with Production and Marketing
Administration by Secretary’s Memorandum 1118 of
Aug. 18, 1945.
Agricultural Adjustment Agency See Agricultural
Agricultural Advisory Commission,
National Established by EO 10472 of July 20, 1953.
TerminatedFeb. 4, 1965, on resignation of members.
Agricultural Chemistry and Engineering, Bureau
of See Agricultural Engineering, Bureau of
Agricultural Conservation and Adjustment
Administration Established by EO 9069 of Feb. 23,
1942, consolidating Agricultural Adjustment Agency,
Sugar Agency, Federal Crop Insurance Corporation,
and Soil Conservation Service. Consolidated into
Food Production Administration by EO 9280 of Dec.
Agricultural Conservation Program
Service Established by Secretary of Agriculture
Jan. 21, 1953, from part of Production and
Marketing Administration. Merged with Commodity
Stabilization Service by Secretary’s Memorandum
1446, supp. 2, of Apr. 19, 1961.
Agricultural Developmental Service,
International Established by Secretary of Agriculture
memorandum of July 12, 1963. Functions and
delegations of authority transferred to Foreign
Agricultural Service by Secretary’s memorandum of
Mar. 28, 1969. Functions transferred by Secretary
to Foreign Economic Development Service Nov. 8,
Agricultural Economics, Bureau of Established
by act of May 11, 1931 (42 Stat. 532). Functions
transferred to other units of the Department of
Agriculture, including Consumer and Marketing
Service and Agricultural Research Service, under
Secretary’s Memorandum 1320, supp. 4, of Nov.2,
Agricultural Engineering, Bureau of Established by
act of Feb. 23, 1931 (46 Stat. 1266). Merged with
Bureau of Chemistry and Soils by Secretarial order
of Oct. 16, 1938, to form Bureau of Agricultural
Chemistry and Engineering.
Agricultural and Industrial Chemistry, Bureau
of Bureau of Chemistry and Bureau of Soils, created
in 1901, combined into Bureau of Chemistry and
Soils by act of Jan. 18, 1927 (44 Stat. 976). Soils
units transferred to other agencies of the Department
of Agriculture and remaining units of Bureau of
Chemistry and Soils and Bureau of Agricultural
Engineering consolidated with Bureau of Agricultural
Chemistry and Engineering by Secretary’s order
of Oct. 16, 1938. In February 1943 agricultural
engineering research made part of Bureau of Plant
Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Engineering, and
organization for continuing agricultural chemistry
research relating to crop utilization named Bureau of
Agricultural and Industrial Chemistry, in accordance
with Research Administration Memorandum 5
issued pursuant to EO 9069 of Feb. 23, 1942, and in
conformity with Secretary’s Memorandums 960 and
986. Functions transferred to Agricultural Research
Service under Secretary’s Memorandum 1320, supp.
4, of Nov. 2, 1953.
Agricultural Library, National Established by
Secretary of Agriculture Memorandum 1496 of Mar.
23, 1962. Consolidated into Science and Education
Administration by Secretary’s order of Jan. 24, 1978.
Reestablished as National Agricultural Library by
Secretary’s order of June 16, 1981. Became part
of Agricultural Research Service in 1994 under
Department of Agriculture reorganization.
Agricultural Marketing Administration Established
by EO 9069 of Feb. 23, 1942, consolidating Surplus
Marketing Administration, Agricultural Marketing
Service, and Commodity Exchange Administration.
Division of Consumers’ Counsel transferred to
Administration by Secretary’s memorandum of
Feb. 28, 1942. Consolidated into Food Distribution
Administration in the Department of Agriculture by
EO 9280 of Dec. 5, 1942.
Agricultural Marketing Service Established by
the Secretary of Agriculture pursuant to act of June
30, 1939 (53 Stat. 939). Merged into Agricultural
Marketing Administration by EO 9069 of Feb. 23,
1942. Renamed Consumer and Marketing Service by
HISTORY OF AGENCY ORGANIZATIONALCHANGES 531
Secretary’s Memorandum 1567, supp. 1, of Feb. 8,
1965. Reestablished as Agricultural Marketing Service
by the Secretary of Agriculture on Apr. 2, 1972, under
authority of Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1953 (67 Stat. 633).
Agricultural Relations, Ofﬁce of Foreign See
Agricultural Service, Foreign
Agricultural Research Administration Established
by EO 9069 of Feb. 23, 1942. Superseded by
Agricultural Research Service.
Agricultural Research Service Established by
Secretary of Agriculture Memorandum 1320, supp.
4, of Nov. 2, 1953. Consolidated into Science and
Education Administration by Secretary’s order of Jan.
24, 1978. Reestablished as Agricultural Research
Service by Secretarial order of June 16, 1981.
Agricultural Service, Foreign Established by act of
June 5, 1930 (46 Stat. 497). Economic research and
agricultural attaché activities administered by Foreign
Agricultural Service Division, Bureau of Agricultural
Economics, until June 29, 1939. Transferredby Reorg.
Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939, from the
Department of Agriculture to the Department of State.
Economic research functions of Division transferred
to Ofﬁce of Foreign Agricultural Relations June 30,
1939. Functions of Ofﬁce transferred to Foreign
Agricultural Service Mar. 10, 1953. Agricultural
attachés placed in the Department of Agriculture by
act of Aug. 28, 1954 (68 Stat. 908).
Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation
Service Established June 5, 1961, by the Secretary
of Agriculture under authority of revised statutes
(5U.S.C. 301) and Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1953 (5
U.S.C. app.). Abolished and functions assumed by the
Farm Service Agency by Secretary’s Memorandum
1010–1 dated Oct. 20, 1994 (59 FR 60297, 60299).
Agricultural Statistics Division Transferredto
Bureau of Agricultural Economics by EO 9069 of Feb.
Agriculture, Division of See Farm Products,
Air Commerce, Bureau of See Aeronautics Branch
Air Coordinating Committee Established Mar.
27, 1945, by interdepartmental memorandum;
formally established by EO 9781 of Sept. 19, 1946.
Terminatedby EO 10883 of Aug. 11, 1960, and
functions transferred for liquidation to Federal
Air Force Management Engineering
Agency Established in 1975 in Air Force as
separate operating unit. Made subordinate unit of
Air Force Military Personnel Center (formerly Air
Force Manpower and Personnel Center) in 1978.
Reestablished as separate operating unit of Air Force,
effective Mar. 1, 1985, by Secretarial order.
Air Force Manpower and Personnel Center Certain
functions transferred on activation of Air Force
Management Engineering Agency, which was made
separate operating unit from Air Force Manpower and
Personnel Center (later Air Force Military Personnel
Center) in April 1985 by general order of Chief of
Air Force Medical Service Center Renamed Air
Force Ofﬁce of Medical Support by Program Action
Directive 85–1 of Mar. 6, 1985, approved by Air
Force Vice Chief of Staff.
Air Mail, Bureau of Established in Interstate
Commerce Commission to carry out provisions of
act of June 12, 1934 (48 Stat. 933). Personnel and
property transferred to Civil Aeronautics Authority by
EO 7959 of Aug. 22, 1938.
Air Patrol, Civil Established in Civilian Defense
Ofﬁce by Administrative Order 9 of Dec. 8, 1941.
Transferredto Department of War as auxiliary of
Army Air Forces by EO 9339 of Apr.29, 1943.
Transferredto the Department of the Air Force
by Secretary of Defense order of May 21, 1948.
Established as civilian auxiliary of U.S. Air Force by
act of May 26, 1948 (62 Stat. 274).
Air Safety Board Established by act of June 23,
1938 (52 Stat. 973). Functions transferred to Civil
Aeronautics Board by Reorg. Plan No. IV of 1940,
effective June 30, 1940.
Airways Modernization Board Established by act of
Aug. 14, 1957 (71 Stat. 349). Transferredto Federal
Aviation Agency by EO 10786 of Nov.1, 1958.
Alaska, Board of Road Commissioners
for Established in Department of War by act of
Jan. 27, 1905 (33 Stat. 616). Functions transferred
to the Department of Interior by act of June 30,
1932 (47 Stat. 446), and delegated to Alaska Road
Commission. Functions transferred to the Department
of Commerce by act of June 29, 1956 (70 Stat. 377),
and terminated by act of June 25, 1959 (73 Stat. 145).
Alaska, Federal Field Committee for Development
Planning in Established by EO 11182of Oct. 2,
1964. Abolished by EO 11608 of July 19, 1971.
Alaska, Federal Reconstruction and Development
Planning Commission for Established by EO
11150of Apr. 2, 1964. Abolished by EO 11182of
Oct. 2, 1964, which established President’s Review
Committee for Development Planning in Alaska and
Federal Field Committee for Development Planning
Alaska, President’s Review Committee for
Development Planning in Established by EO 11182
of Oct. 2, 1964. Superseded by Federal Advisory
Council on Regional Economic Development
etablished by EO 11386 of Dec. 28, 1967. EO 11386
revoked by EO 12553 f Feb. 25, 1986.
Alaska Communication System Operational
responsibility vested in Secretary of the Army by
act of May 26, 1900 (31 Stat. 206). Transferredto
Secretary of the Air Force by Secretary of Defense
reorganization order of May 24, 1962.
Alaska Engineering Commission See Alaska