Historical Perspective of Cultural Diversity; An Effect of Cultural Change on Student's Performance at University Level in Pakistan.

 
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Byline: Abdul Majid Khan Rana and Muhammad Hussain Chishti

Introduction

Collection of people's symbols, beliefs, norms, values, artifacts and behaviors are called culture. Through the use of the term "culture," these two labels for these groups or systems have historically evolved in certain regions (sometimes extended to several countries such as Polynesian, African, and Asian cultures) Group culture by ethnic is, Jewish culture, Tuareg culture), or some subspecies of society ("subculture" such as pirate culture, hippie culture, cyber culture, etc.).

As already mentioned, it can be seen as a complete lifestyles of people, containing customs, beliefs, traditions and languages, as well as many different cultures and common subcultures in the world. The main concern of this debate is on two opposite current cultures in this era. One of the Islamic cultures is the "perfect lifestyle" established into view of the Qur'an and Sunnah and the Western culture is In contrast, both signify "the whole approach of life." Conversely, the two lifestyles are completely different. The main difference between cultures comes from the origin of culture. The Qur'an is famous for its Islamic culture and its traditions and cultures (Islam and Salalah Hooraja). This is the life of Sahaaba lived after becoming an ignorant culture (Jahliyaah).

Previously, many northern Europeans, particularly Scandinavia, are still polytheists, although Southern Europe from the 5th century is essentially Christian. The country of Pakistan is a Muslim domination. Culture of Pakistan has distinctive beliefs and values and has Islamic influence. Pakistani Islam sets out the ethical rules for thPakistani people. Due to the Westernization of cultural adaptation, people are influenced by Western culture.Society of Pakistan adopt the influences West and reconstruction, according to local needs and concerns. For example, wearing a short shirt and scarf with oriental jeans, mixing camps, mixing music and marriages of love and so on.

The social condition shows that mixing the culture of the "Western community" is very serious on Pakistani society. Westernization is a procedure in which vulnerable sectors of society are trying to modernize. The Pakistani elites (the rich) are mostly westernized and encourage middle and lower classes to imitate them. The first priority of the younger generation is finding a job in a multinational corporation in Western or developed countries.

Pakistani universities are also influenced by Western culture. This behavior is reflected in the appearance of students, dressing, and openness of relationships, bold discussions and summations.

Statement of the Problem

The study discusses the western culture deprivation over Islamic culture by teacher observation. There are a significant change in the lives of Pakistani adolescents. Pakistanis, and especially young people badly influenced from western culture and continuously go away from their religious and society values and ethics. Wearing Jeans shorts ortights with shirts, mixture of Urdu language with English, pop music, unlimited gender relations and love marriages brock the family and society of Pakistan. This situation is very serious in Pakistani universities. Study in hand discover this situation particularly to the students of Pakistani universities.

Objectives of the Study

* To explore the current situation of the students in context of western culture change at university level.

* To discover the negativity and positivity of western culture on students at university level.

* To assess an operative culture for students at university level.

Research Design and Methodology

The study was naturally descriptive and a quantitative method was used to collect data. A survey technique was used to note the responses of respondents. Teachers from universities of the Punjab were the population of this study. Through cluster sampling technique 4 universities, The University of Punjab, Minhaajul Quran University, University of Lahore and LUMS were selected. Stratified and random sampling technique was used to select the respondents from different departments of above universities. 100 teachers, 25 from each university were selected through random sampling technique.

Review of the Related Literature

Culture

The word vocal tradition comes from Latin, cultura or cultus. Cultus means to develop it. The most common form of organizations that are closely related to soil cultivation, agricultura. Although the cultural context has begun to be work-related, the question of the type of work and what leads to it is invisible. The Romans associate human traditions with humanitas; human vs animal, city vs village, urban vs rural. However, many thought that it was an unnatural proverb and that the interpretation of the tradition was that of Building, the development of a difficult life inside.

Kroeber and Kluckhohn Repeating the Doctrine and Definition means: "The most commonly used word in the world" culture "- all world languages take guidelines from Latin roots - remains the main idea of the culture or attractiveness. The first significant output was from the German artist Kultur, which was different that culture is "distinct values" from the highest or brightest people. "(Kroeber andKluckhohn 1952, 35)

Effect on Pakistani Society

Social revolution in Pakistan's social context has different contents and meanings. Pakistani society has changed dramatically since its launch, and the process has continued. The driving force behind this transformation is globalization. Pakistan's society began to experience a great transformation from the early 1990s, the emergence of a free and open world after the Cold War, macroeconomic policies of this era is that, for privatization and liberalization of the domestic and commercial markets, the banking industry by allowing Private banks and state-owned commercial banks compete with the liberalization of the bank, competition for the promotion...

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