Growth of LIS research articles in India seen through scopus: a bibliometric analysis.

Author:Barik, Nilaranjan
  1. Introduction:

    Bibliometric study is widely used for mapping of scientific research growth, authorship pattern, research collaboration, author's productivity, etc. in any discipline of knowledge. Mainly it is a best instrument in social science research for systematic analysis of publication output of any subject, author, institution and country. Bibliometrics is used to measure the qualitative and quantitative research and to investigate the research trends in a subject.

    Library and Information Science is a very practical subject which solve problems related to collection development, information retrieval, systems design, user studies etc. LIS professionals are very vigorous to show performance in disseminating knowledge as well as taking every problem in a collaborative way. So, day by day LIS research is going on to update the LIS professionals with the current trends and build a rich collection of LIS publications. In this study an attempt have been made to assess the year wise growth of LIS publications, authorship pattern, authors' productivity etc. particularly in between the period of 2004-2014.

  2. Literature Review

    The investigator have referred so many research papers and articles related to LIS research in India and abroad to have a clear understanding of bibliometric analysis of LIS research growth India and to find out some possible ways to carry out the present study smoothly in a qualitative way. Khan, Ahmed, Munsi and Akhter (1998) in their study present a statistical analysis of the LIS research papers emanated from Bangladesh during 1966-1997. Result showed that, during this period of study, a total number of 308 articles were authored by 116 library professionals. Publications of such papers are highest in Bangladesh with (256, 83.11%) and followed by India with (21, 6.82%). Tiew, Abrizah & Kiran (2002) carried out a bibliometric study of the articles published in Malaysian Journal of Library and Information Science during 1996-2000 and found that the percentage of multi-authored articles was slightly higher than the single authored articles. The most popular subject according to this study was scientific and professional publishing. Mittal & et. al. (2006) stated in their study 'Periodical Literature on Library and Information Science Education: A bibliometric study' that literature growth on the area of LIS has been found to be negative. Most of the papers have been dominated by single author contributions at 72.8% and 72% of literature are published in 72 journals. Patra and Chand (2006) have revealed that Indian research output is less in Global visibility. Less numbers of LIS research papers have published in international journals. Collaboration among researchers is very poor with (25.37%). Ocholla and Ocholla (2007) studied the journal research output in Library and Information Science of South Africa from 1993-2006, using the database LISA, Thompson (ISI) and Web of Science and found that South African LIS researchers largely publish in local journals (46.3%). Among all the contributing journals, South African Journal of Library and Information Science (SAJLIS) have published highest numbers of articles with (25.1%). Another important thing they revealed in their study that, LIS research collaboration is encouraging in South Africa with (69%). Naseer and Mahmood (2009) have revealed in their study "LIS Research in Pakistan: An Analysis of Pakistan Library and Information Science Journal 1998-2007" that Pakistan Library and Information Science Journal is a domestic journal and highly dominated by the Pakistani authors. Again the state of collaboration among authors is not very encouraging while majority of the authors prefer to work in isolation. But the journal has witnessed the increase of female authors' contribution. Verma (2009) stated in his study 'Analysis of contributions to Defence Science Journal' that most of the contributors prefer to contribute their works with one companion. If, the source journal is a National journal it could spread over 16 foreign countries. Park (2010) revealed a new thing in her study "D-Lib magazine: Its first 13 years" that the source journal is dominated by male authors with 74% of all contributions, and 77% of authors made a single contribution to D-Lib magazine during this study.

    Thanuskodi (2010) stated in his study "Bibliometric Analysis of the Journal Library Philosophy and Practice from 2005-2009" that during the period of study highest number of articles published in the subject area are Library and Internet with (21.69%) and about (59.8%) of the contributors are from the University. Journals constituted as the most cited sources of information with (53.03%). Hussain & Fatima (2011) in their study 'A Bibliometric analysis of the Chinese Librarianship: an International Electronic Journal, 2006-2010' tried to find out the main characteristics of the source journal using a bibliometric study. Khaparde (2011) stated in his study "Bibliometric Study of Electronic Journal of Academic and Special Librarianship." that single author contributions have dominated the journal with 47.95% of contributions, and in geographical based distribution of articles India have occupied the top position with 28.41% publications. Kumar and Moorthy (2011) revealed in their study "Bibliometric Analysis of DESIDOC Journal of Library and Information Technology during 2001-2010" that collaboration of authors is less visible as single author and joint author contribution are somewhat equal with 37.6% and 36.9% respectively. As the journal has crossed 32 long years of publications, only after 2006 it could able to increase the numbers of papers substantially. Mittal (2011) discovered in her study a new trends of LIS research being conducted during that time. She found in her study that LIS researchers were interested...

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