Gomez-Quinones, J. Indigenous Quotient Stalking Words: American Indian Heritage as Future. San Antonio: Aztlan Libre Press, 2012. 129 pp.
The study of colonialism has usually taken place within the context of Western academic perspectives, with writings often resulting as biased, erroneous, and fantastic. Indigenous Quotient Stalking Words: American Indian Heritage as Future forcefully questions past and present scholarship on the indigenous of the Americas, challenging ideas and values that formed the theoretical underpinnings of such. In two essays, Indigenous Quotient and Staking Works, this slim volume confronts the continuing marginalization of groups perceived as inconsequential or inferior. Its discourse on the ingenious of the Americas researches across social groups, at times occupying the same space as Edward Said and merging into his conversations on Orientalism, the construction of the other through Western objectifications and perceptions.
Often the term America is used as a synonym for the United States, although this continent is more than a country; it was and still is an indigenous space in which a connected yet diverse population lives, traverses despite borders and walls, and holds memory--albeit under the shadow of colonialism, or its present trendy synonym, globalization. These diverse voices continue to create history, tell their stories in a variety of forms, as did their ancestors, make and maintain community, and claim historical, cultural space. Two broad areas are discussed by Gomez-Quinones, the belittlement, dismissal, and creation of a Native American fantasy culture in the Euroamerican image, and the need to develop theory from indigena voices. These are the strengths of the book and applicable to Chicano and other grassroots populations, adding and extending the discourse.
Chicanos are genetically connected to the indigenous ancestors of the Americas and to the space of Aztlan, the northern territories of Mexico before annexation. They have experienced an overlay of multiple colonizations, the first, the violent birth of the Mexican mestizo. Ancestors of the Chicano weathered holocaust-like conditions in the struggle for land in the southwest during Westward Expansion. They felt the sting of marginalization with the betrayal of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalog's (1948), the denial of the original guarantee to keep their lands in the face of annexation into the American Union. Resistance to encroachment and to...