GLOBAL RESEARCH TRENDS IN ENTOMOLOGY DURING 2012-2016: AN ANALYTICAL STUDY.

Author:Saravanan, Priya
Position:Report
 
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INTRODUCTION

The term "Scientometrics" was originated from a russian term for the application of quantitative methods to the history of science, that lead to the quantitative aspects of science. It was suggested by Dolrov and Kormoni who often used with same meaning as the bibliometrics to denote to 'the application of quantitative methods to history of science'. This term came into existence with the founding of the journal known as 'Scientometrics' by T. Braun in 1977, which originally published in Hungary and currently from Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Scientometrics is used to mean the communication process in science including socio-cultural aspects, and appears to be almost synonymous like science of science with more emphasize on its quantitative aspects. It is also used as a generic term for a system of knowledge, which endeavors' to study the scientific (and technological) system by using a variety of approaches within the domain of science and technology.

Scientometrics is mostly concerned with the quantitative features and characteristics of scientific research. It becomes the most emerging research areas in Library and Information Science. Investigation of scientific publications is a significant feature of research exertion in information science in recent times. The present study stresses the devotion on the scientometric investigation of the pattern of publication, authorship and country wise distribution using the keyword analysis.

Entomology is a branch of biology which mainly focuses on the study of insects, which gives an improved perception of the environment and biology. An insightful of entomology is required to concentrate the general economic sufferers in crops and health issues caused by insects. The study of insects is widely known as entomology. The study of insects includes their development, anatomy, physiology, life history, behavior, environment, and classification. Entomology gives people a better understanding of the environment, biology, and the world in which they live. An understanding of entomology becomes mandatory to reduce the extensive economic loss in crop damage and health problems caused by insects. Agricultural entomologists identifies the insects which affect the production of foods and fibers. Experts in Agriculture involved to work in the areas of agronomy, animal science, horticulture, floriculture, forestry, and wood processing.

Entomologists are now familiar with the lessons of the past and aided by advances in insecticidal chemistry, biological and cultural control, and visionary for new technologies based on genetic modification of plants and animals. Entomologists face new challenges from invasive species which focused the increased movement of people and goods in the global economy. Global warming threatens to dramatically alter the geographic ranges of plant and animal species, including agricultural crops and their pests, as well as vectors of human and animal pathogens.

RELATED WORK

Neelamma, G., & Anandhalli, G. (2016) aimed at analyzing the research output in Botany. Citation analysis of all the journal articles of Botany was taken from Web of Science (on-line version database) for the period of ten years (2005-2014). A total of 12051 references was cited in 1183 records in 572 journals. The study elaborated on distribution of citations for document type, language wise citations, and country wise publication of citations. Further, the study also listed out the most important journals in the field of Botany. The investigation showed that out of 12051 citations, research articles (61.96%) contribute the highest number of citations and it is the most chosen source of information preferred by researchers.

Jeyasekar, J.J., & Saravanan, P. (2014) attempted to bring out the development of Forensic Science literature, authors' productivity, the top position source journal, and the country-wise output. Data for the study were taken from the SCOPUS database. They have retrieved 13626, records and analyzed using Microsoft excel sheet. They considered three journals, such as Journal of Forensic Sciences, Forensic Science International, and Science & Justice which contribute almost half of the total forensic science literature. The study found that highest number of records was found from the United States of America which contributed 30% in Forensic Science.

Garg, K. C., & Tripathi, H. K. (2014) analyzed the scientific output of India in Crop Sciences as reflected in three different databases i.e. SCOPUS, CAB Abstracts and ISA (Indian Science Abstracts) during 2008-2010. It indicated that highest number of papers was published on rice and wheat crops. Agricultural universities and institutions under the aegis of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) were the most dynamic institutions. Most of the papers was published in Indian journals with low impact factor. Environment and Ecology, Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Research on Crops were the most chosen journals of the Indian scientists. The major research is focused on 'genetics and plant breeding' followed by 'soil, climate and environmental aspects' and 'agronomic aspects'. The authorship pattern reveals that co-authored papers accounted for 72% of the total output.

Niu, B., Loaiciga, H. A., Wang, Z., Zhan, F. B., & Hong, S. (2014) explored groundwater research among the top twenty institutions for collaborative papers. A bibliometric analysis was conducted to evaluate groundwater research from different perspectives during 1993-2012 and based on the Science Citation Index-Expanded (SCIE) database. They summarized the output on categorical...

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