This classification covers establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing furniture and fixtures, not elsewhere classified, including hospital beds and furniture specially designed for use in restaurants, bars, cafeterias, bowling centers, and ships.
Surgical Appliance and Supplies Manufacturing
Institutional Furniture Manufacturing
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 684 establishments made products in this classification in 2004. There were 28,813 people employed in this industry, including 22,697 production workers. That year, the industry shipped nearly $4.8 billion worth of goods and spent more than $2.0 billion on materials.
The manufacturing of furniture and fixtures in this category primarily arose to fill specific needs within the service industry market. For instance, after World War II the rise of bowling as a recreational sport necessitated the construction of a plethora of alleys across the United States to satisfy a growing demand. The factories and manufacturing plants that were built across the country also needed specific interior furniture for a wide variety of purposes, so this industry filled the needs of the growing industrial economy of the United States. Later, as orders for factory furniture declined due to the drop in overall manufacturing, the furniture and fixtures industry accommodated other segments of the economy. Hospital furniture manufacturing firms met the increased demand for new beds as medical facilities were built to serve more populous suburban communities. The growing consumer willingness to spend more entertainment dollars on dining out during the 1970s and 1980s fueled the construction of restaurants and the corresponding need for sturdy yet attractive furniture to fill them.
Nearly half of the industry's shipments are considered furniture for public buildings, such as restaurants and bowling alleys, with furniture for schools accounting for 16 percent. Shipments in this industry have fluctuated in the 2000s, going from $4.65 billion in 2002, down to $4.53 billion the next year, and rising to $4.76 billion in 2004.
Missouri, Michigan, and California had the highest value of goods shipped for this industry, with Tennessee, Texas, and Arkansas also shipping large amounts of merchandise in this classification.
Kinetic Concepts Inc. (San Antonio, Texas) was the largest company primarily engaged in the production of...