A Functional Model of the African Personality: Azibo's Bicycle Wheel Model.


To get what has been distilled about structure and dynamics and set the stage for discussing development, psychopathology, treatment, assessment and research--thus presenting a holistic theory--the model in Figure 1 is offered. It is called the wheel model of personality and likened to a bicycle wheel. Allport's definition and Mischell's observation are not forsaken either as how idiosyncratically organized personality constructs and racial African personality metatheory join in the person is illustrated in the wheel model, a feat heretofore unaccomplished or un-emphasized in Eurasian or nascent centered African psychologies. The formulation is intentionally structured "to provide an understanding of individual experience and behaviour at both the general [population or group] and the particular [individual person] levels" (Sloan, 2009, 58).

The model's worth stems from functionality: for each piece of the wheel said to depict a personality function or construct there is a corresponding behavioral analog. Personality in toto, then, is seen as bipartite consisting of (1) a phylogenetically derived racial core component that for ADP is represented by the metatheory with its three constituent parts presented earlier and (2) an idiosyncratically organized non-racial peripheral component that results through ontogenesis. Peripheral is defined as those aspects of personality that are idiosyncratically organized within individuals according to Allport's definition and Mischel's observation. The peripheral component would appear to have no constitution in or necessary contribution to the transpersonal and, phylogenetically speaking, the racial. As the racial part derived in phylogenesis, it is core; as the idiosyncratic part derives in ontogenesis it is not personality's core, but peripheral to it. It follows that optimum personality functioning occurs (a) when both components are well integrated in the individual and (b) the constituents of each are functioning as they are theorized to.

Spokes are meant to represent all possible aspects of "personality" that are ontogenetic and idiosyncratically organized within individuals (there can be an infinite number of spokes, only a few are presented in Figure 1). Spaces between the spokes represent the totality of variables operating on and in the physical environments the person negotiates such as social psychological and ecological factors. A few examples are socio-economic status, presses toward...

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