The fox effect: cable news and elections.

Author:Doherty, Brian
Position:Fox News Network L.L.C. affects election results - Brief article

ACCORDING TO the economists Stefano DellaVigna of U.C.-Berkeley and Ethan Kaplan of Stockholm University, Fox News has a direct influence on election results. The beneficiaries, as you'd expect, are Republicans.

Their research, published by the National Bureau of Economic Research, examined the differences in 1996 and 2000 election results in areas where Fox News first became available between the two elections. From their study of more than 9,000 towns in 28 states they found that "Republicans gain 0.4 to 0.7 percentage points in the towns which broadcast Fox News.... We also find a significant effect of Fox News on Senate vote share and on voter turnout. Our estimates imply that Fox News convinced 3 to 8 percent of its viewers to vote Republican." (Their assumption that Fox has a GOP bias is based on one cited paper and not detailed in their own.)

The authors calculate that Fox pulled 200,000 votes nationally to the GOP and break down the apparent influence more specifically: "Fox News had a smaller effect in rural areas, in Republican congressional districts, and in the...

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