FORMULATION OF CRIMINAL PROVISIONS IN ESTABLISHMENT OF REGIONAL REGULATION DESIGN IN CIANJUR REGENCY.

Author:Kuswandi
Position:Report
 
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INTRODUCTION

Indonesia as a constitutional state is described in the 1945 Constitution. As a State of law, in the administration of the State government is certainly not independent of laws and regulations as a positive law prevailing in Indonesia. Law is a set of rules of conduct prevailing in society (Martosoewignjo, 1992).

Cianjur Regency is geographically located in the centre of West Java Province, with a distance of approximately 65 km from the Capital of West Java Province (Bandung) and 120 Km from the State Capital (Jakarta), and is located between 6021-7025 South Latitude and 106042107025 east longitude. While the population of Cianjur Regency result of population census in 2012 is approximately 2,210,278 inhabitants.

Cianjur Regency covers an area of 350,133 hectares. In 2011 the area of wetland reached 65,978 hectares and the land area of 172,466 hectares and the land area is not Agriculture 111,689 hectares, with the limits are as follows:

  1. North: Bordering Regency of Bogor and Purwakarta Regency.

  2. West: Bordered by Sukabumi Regency Area.

  3. South: Bordering the Indonesian Ocean.

  4. East: Borders with Regency of Bandung and Garut Regency.

The natural condition of Cianjur Regency is located at the foot of Mount Gede with an altitude of about 7-2962 m above sea level. Cianjur Regency is divided into 3 regions: Northern Region, Central Region and Southern Region with 32 sub districts, 354 villages and 6 urban villages in Cianjur.

In accordance with the mandate of Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution (UUD 1945), the administration of the state is based and regulated in accordance with the provisions of the constitution, as well as other legal provisions, namely the Constitution, the Law, the Government Regulation, the Regional Regulations, as well as other legal provisions determined democratically and constitutionally (Surachmin, 2012).

In terms of legislation as a consequence of the State law of Pancasila then through Act No. 12 of 2011 has been established type and hierarchy of Laws and Regulations in Indonesia based on the principle of Lex Superior Derogat Legi Inferiori (Syamsuddin, 2013).

The systematic techniques of drafting legislation are set forth in Act No. 12 of 2011 on the Establishment of Legislation Regulations, in particular on criminal provisions in annex II Sub C.3. Although there are already general guidelines, in practice legislative drafting has so far impressed the existence of various variations in formulating criminal provisions, both on the types of criminal sanctions and the formulation system, the severity of criminal sanctions and the rules of application including subjects subject to criminal sanctions (Arief, 2012).

Special regulation in the regions, then the 1945 Constitution Article 18 Paragraph (6) implies Local government has the right to enact regional regulations and other regulations to implement autonomy and assistance tasks. In the substance of the constitution above it is clear that local governments are given the authority to make regulations in the form of local regulations and other regulations.

Local government officials in carrying out their duties, authorities, obligations, and responsibilities as well as on constitutional powers can set regional policies that are formulated, among others, in local regulations, regulations of regional heads, and other regional provisions. This is reflected in Law no. 23 of 2014 on Regional Government. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate and analyse the policy of legislation in formulating criminal provisions, both in legislation practice so far, and in the future prospect. This evaluation needs to be done because the formulation policy of criminal jurisdiction with juridical (juridical formulation weakness) can be one of the limiting factors of criminal law enforcement at application stage (judicial policy) and execution stage (executive or administrative policy). Penalization patterns are legislative guidelines for legislators (Arief, 2010). This shows the greater role of legislation one of them because it is easily recognizable and there is legal certainty (Manan, 1992).

Regional Regulations in general is a medium for the Regional Government to put forward proposals, policies and/or aspirations and expectations of the community for regional development purposes. It is expected that the Regional Regulation can set rules that can support regional development in a more advanced direction. But in fact many local regulations have not been able to facilitate the development process for the progress of the area (Kurnia, 2007). In this case Eugene Ehrlich put forward a very rational idea, that there is a difference between positive laws on the one hand and living law on the other. Therefore, a positive law will have effective valid power when it contains, or is in harmony with the laws that live in society (Rasjidi, 1991).

All legislation should be based on philosophical, sociological and juridical foundations (Lubis, 1989). This is in line with the opinion of Astawa (2012), he added that in addition to the philosophical, sociological, juridical foundation there is also a political basis and economic foundation.

Local regulations are part of a particular policy. This is in line with Saleh (1984) opinion that the law is not only a part of a particular policy. The same is also stated by Arief (2010), that the law is not only a tool to implement the policy but also determine, outline or design a policy.

The biggest obstacle in the development of laws and regulations is the lack of clarity on the political direction of national legislation. Based on the above...

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