AuthorDavid S. Favre
ProfessionProfessor of Law & The Nancy Heathcote. Professor of Property and Animal Law. Michigan State University College of Law
is book is about building bridges bet ween two dierent movements to
enhance the activities of both. W hile this is a noble and apparently useful
goal, it is perhaps more dicu lt than m ight be rst thought. On a fairly
regular basis, I have heard t he sentiment expressed that “Gee, you animal
people should be working with the environmentalists.” I have never turned
to the person and asked, “Why do you think this is the case?” I ask the reader
to give a quick thought to the question.
Perhaps it is because both groups seem to have a reverence for l ife and
strive to protect it, but in very dierent contexts. is is a true statement, but
the world is much more c omplex, both in law and in philosophy. e apple
and pineapple are both fruits humans eat. But to talk about apple issues does
not really deal with pineapple issues, e xcept at t he higher levels of abstrac-
tion. Likewise, the da ily issues of environmental protection do not seem to
overlap in any practical way with the daily issues of animal welfa re and ani-
mal rights.
Who am I to introduce this book? Well, I have been an active member of
both worlds, have friends in both worlds, and have taught and done scholarly
writing with environmental law and animal law. I have been a member of the
Animal Legal Defense Fund and the Sierra Club. I went to law school in the
1970s so I could become a defender of the environment. But after becoming
a professor and publishing my rst article on wildlife rights, I moved to the
animal side of the street. I have straddled two streams, owing in the same
direction but distinct nevertheless.
It is important for the re ader rst to have a n under standi ng of how
dierent t hese t wo stream s a re to be able to jud ge thi s book’s eort to
facilitate cooperation betwe en these t wo areas of law so they ca n be mutu-
ally supportive.
Differences in Origin
e environmental movement in the United States has specic origins in the
late 1960s and early 1970s with the publication of Silent Spring by Rachel
Carson, the rst Earth Day, and the adoption of a breathtaking set of federal
laws. e country was galvanized by the information showing high risk of
harm to humans, and to the environment generally. Human health was the

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