This entry includes establishments primarily engaged in the production of field crops, except cash grains, not classified elsewhere. This category includes a range of crops for human or livestock consumption, encompassing farms that produce alfalfa, broomcorn, clover, grass seed, hay, hops, mint, peanuts, sweet potatoes, timothy, and yams. This category also includes establishments deriving 50 percent or more of their total value of sales of agricultural products from field crops, except cash grains, but less than 50 percent from products of any single industry.
Other Vegetable (except Potato) and Melon Farming
All Other Miscellaneous Crop Farming
Yams grown in the United States actually are a variety of sweet potato, but with a moister, golden red flesh. Sweet potatoes are light yellow or pale orange in color. Yams, grown primarily in North Carolina, account for about half of all sweet potato consumption in the United States and are consumed mainly in the northeast and mid-Atlantic states. North Carolina, the leading producer of sweet potatoes, combined with Louisiana, Mississippi, and California to account for more than 90 percent of U.S. sweet potato production in 2005, when the value of production topped $300 million for the first time. The total number of acres planted fell from 96,000 in 2004 to 91,000 in 2005, and the total number of acres harvested fell from 92,000 to 88,000 during that same period. However, the percentage of planted area that was harvested rose to a new high of 97 percent in 2005.
Grass, alfalfa, clover, and timothy are all used for livestock fodder. Farmers grow hay for their own livestock and for commercial sale. The amount of land from which hay was harvested decreased in 2005. Some 61.6 million acres were harvested that year, compared with 61.9 million acres harvested in 2004 and more than 63.0 million acres harvested annually from 2001 to 2003. Nevertheless, the value of production for all hay was nearly $12.5 billion in 2005, an increase of more than $250 million from 2004. More than 150 million tons of hay was produced in the United States in 2005, with Texas (more than 9.0 million tons); California (8.9 million tons); and South Dakota, Missouri, and Kansas (all more than 6.5 million tons)...