Exploring the New South American Regionalism (NSAR).

Author:Quiliconi, Cintia
Position:Book review
 
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Exploring the New South American Regionalism (NSAR). Edited by Ernesto Vivares. Farnham: Ashgate, 2014.

Ernesto Vivares and his collaborators offer a persuasive assessment of how a new type of regionalism has emerged in South America over the past decade. The book focuses on the new forms that regionalism is taking in the region, particularly under the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR); it also addresses how regionalism has become a channel to think about development. This type of analysis has recently consolidated a new body of literature that discusses how Latin American regionalism is shifting its patterns under a posthegemonic phase in which political and development issues are the cornerstones of these new experiences. (See Pia Riggirozzi and Diana Tussie, eds., The Rise of Post-hegemonic Regionalism, Springer, 2012; Briceno Ruiz and Rivarola Puntigliano, eds., Resilience of Regionalism in Latin America and the Caribbean: Development and Autonomy, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013). Chapter 1, by Ernesto Vivares, is an excellent assessment of the theoretical perspectives on regionalism and their link to the development debate; Vivares identifies, in a systematic way, six different schools that have dominated this debate. The rest of the book engages the debate about specific issues addressing the particularities of the new South American regionalism (NSAR). The first chapters analyze the origins of UNASUR as a multidimensional, postneoliberal, institutionalized regionalism (chap. 2 by Carlos Espinosa) and the relationship between the United States and the NSAR in this new multipolar moment (chap...

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