Everything That Is Old Is New Again—Old Again—New Again . . .

Date01 February 2018
Published date01 February 2018
Subject MatterArticles
Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice
2018, Vol. 34(1) 5 –12
© The Author(s) 2018
Reprints and permissions:
DOI: 10.1177/1043986217752160
Everything That Is Old Is
New Again—Old Again—New
Again . . .
Mario A. Paparozzi1 and Roger Guy1
Since the decade of the 1970s, the policies and practices in probation, parole, and
community corrections have vacillated between an emphasis on rehabilitation and
enforcement, and most recently back to rehabilitation. While these paradigmatic
shifts in ideology are driven by top management, generally at the behest of elected
officials who are concerned with burgeoning costs and the desire not to appear soft
on crime, it is what is done in everyday practice at the “street level” that determines
if change actually occurs and is interpreted. This essay discusses probation and parole
practices with regard to fluctuations in emphasis on the offender rehabilitation and
law enforcement functions of probation and parole officers.
probation, parole, reentry, evidence-based practice, professional orientation
This essay is first and foremost a reflective piece on the first author’s involvement in
community corrections policy and practice over the past 44 years. While my line staff,
supervisory, and senior administrative practitioner experiences spanned 30 years in the
State of New Jersey, my perspective is national. I have provided, and continue to engage
in, countless training workshops, consulting, technical assistance, and conference talks.
Over the course of these 44 years, I have personally visited and interacted with com-
munity corrections practitioners in all but four states. Let me say at the outset that I have
encountered some excellent examples of probation and parole agencies providing
robust evidence-based principles grounded in the “what works” school of thought.
Unfortunately, I have countenanced many more practitioners and policy makers who
1University of North Carolina, Pembroke, NC, USA
Corresponding Author:
Mario A. Paparozzi, Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, University of North Carolina,
Pembroke, NC 28372, USA.
Email: mario.paparozzi@uncp.edu
752160CCJXXX10.1177/1043986217752160Journal of Contemporary Criminal JusticePaparozzi and Guy

To continue reading

Request your trial

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT