Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management: A Bibliometric Analysis.

Author:Sahoo, Jyotshna
Position:Report
 
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Introduction:

In the present information and communication era, journals are considered as important vehicles of scholarly communication. A large numbers of journals are being published both in paper and in electronic format with respect to different subject areas, which fulfill the needs of the scholarly community. Journals are paramount for the advancement of any discipline and are known as the foundation for communication of academic research and professional knowledge. Journals present information in a clear and concise fashion with a high level of credibility and are considered as higher standard of research communication than any other forms of publications. In this context, the present study is an attempt to investigate the publication characteristics of the journal "Electronic Journals of Knowledge Management (EJKM)" using various bibliometric indicators.

Bibliometrics is a well-established discipline for a quantitative and statistical study of patterns of publication within a given subject field or body of literature. Bibliometric study is one of the important and favoured areas of research in the field of Library and Information Science. The word "Bibliometrics" was coined for the first time by British Scientist Alan Pritchard in the year 1969. Pritchard felt the need to redefine the scope of an area that was known for fifty years by the term 'statistical bibliography' by Hulme and thereby demonstrated a new field of quantitative analysis. Bibliometrics has become the generic term for a whole range of specific measurements and indicators; its purpose is to measure the output of scientific and technological research through data derived from published literature. It is a means for situating a country in relation to the world, an institution in relation to a country, and even individual scientists in relation to their own communities. It is a quantitative study of various aspects of published literature and used to identify the patterns of publications.

Review of Literature:

Analysis of single journals has been the subject of many bibliometric and scientometric studies. A number of contributors especially in the field of Library and Information Science have conducted bibliometric analysis of LIS as well as popular journals from other disciplines in different countries around the globe. A study conducted by Tiew (1997) appeared in Malayasian Journal of Library and Information Science reviewed 102 papers on single journals covered by LISA Plus and CRLIS database during 1969 to 1997. Many LIS journals of national and international nature have been the focus of study by scholars. Even a particular journal has been studied at different time period and by scholars of different regions. Some important studies on bibliometric analysis of single journals are mentioned as under:

Tiew, Abdullah and Kaur (2002) studied the Malaysian Journal of Library and Information Science (MJLIS) covering the period 1996-2000, Bakri and Willett (2008) analysed publication and citation patterns of the same journal MJLIS from 2001-2006 and compared the results with those obtained in an earlier study by Tiew, Abdullah and Kaur (2002). Tsay (2008) explored the relationship between "Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology" (JASIST) and other disciplines by citation analysis. The results revealed that JASIST itself is the most highly cited journal followed by four library and information science (LIS) journals, namely "Information Processing and Management", "Journal of Documentation", "Annual Review of Information Science and Technology" and "Journal of Information Science." The three main classes of journals that were mostly cited by JASIST are Library Science (50%), Science (22.7%) and Social Sciences (6.3%). Thanuskodi (2010) did a bibliometric study of 249 articles published during the period from 2005-09 in the journal "Library Philosophy and Practice" and the results of the study revealed that the highest number of articles have appeared in the area of computer application in library and information science. The maximum numbers of contributors (37.75 %.), are two authors, majority of articles (96.85%) contain references which include journals, books, conference proceedings, dissertations, etc. A majority of the contributors preferred journals as the source of information which occupied the top position with the highest number of citations 1,026 (53.03%) of the total 1,935 citations. Tsay and Shu (2011) studied the journal bibliometric characteristics of the "Journal of Documentation" (JOD) and the subject relationship with other disciplines by citation analysis. It revealed that journal articles are the most cited document, followed by books and book chapters, electronic resources, and conference proceedings, respectively. The three highly cited subjects of library and information science journals encompass searching, information work, and online information retrieval. Another study for the same JOD conducted by Roy and Basak (2013) revealed that majority of papers are multi- authored. The geographical distribution reveals that the contribution by United Kingdom is the highest where as the average numbers of citations per paper were 43. Warraich and Ahmad (2011) made a bibliometric analysis of contributions published in the "Pakistan Journal of Library & Information Science" (PJLIS) from 1995 to 2010 covering 11 issues of the journal. The authors analysed the publications the basis of different parameters, viz., author productivity, extent of authors' collaboration, authors' institutional affiliation, authors' geographic affiliation, type of publication, language of papers, numbers of citations used per article. Tsay (2011) studied the bibliometric characteristics of the "Journal of Information Science" (JIS) and made a citation analysis of the journal to find out the subject relationship of LIS with other disciplines. Isiakpona (2012) conducted bibliometric study of "Library & Information Science Research Electronic Journal". The results of the study revealed that most of the articles were within the general subject area of Library and Information Science and were written by a single author. Hence, the degree of collaboration was 0.279, and the majority of the publications were contributed by authors in universities. Das (2013) conducted a bibliometric study of 206 articles published in "Library Trends" from 2007-2012. Results show that highest number (51) of articles is published in 2007-08. Majority of authors preferred to publish their research results in individual authorship mode 122 (59.22%). Tella and Olabooye (2014) did a bibliometric study of "African Journal of Library, Archives & Information Science". The results of the study reveal that the majority of the articles, i.e. 57.8% were published by single authors, out of which, a large number were theoretical papers, while the others were empirical papers, book reviews and short communications.

Apart from the above LIS journals of International character many national journals in LIS have been studied. Some of the important journal under this category are bibliometric study of the journal Annals of Library and Information Studies (Jena, Swain & Sahoo, 2012), DESIDOC Journal of Library and Information Technology (Kumar & Murty, 2011) (Pandita, 2014), IASLIC Bulletin (Panda, Mohanty & Sahoo, 2011), Library Herald (Thanuskodi, 2011). Publication output, authorship pattern, subject coverage of publications, institutional affiliation of authors, length of articles, citation analysis are the different dimensions of bibliometric analysis done across the journals.

Not only LIS journals but journals of other discipline have also been the focus of bibliometric study by scholars. Employing bibliometric approach Sahoo and Mohanty (2002) conducted a study on the journal Studies In Conservation, Suresh and Nigam (2005) made a study of the Journal of Health Management ,Vijay and Raghavan (2007) studied Journal of Food Science & Technology, Jena (2006) made a study on Indian Journal of Fibre and Textile Research, Biswas, Roy and Sen (2007) conducted a bibliometric study on Economic Botany from 1994-2003, Zao, et al. (2007) made a study on Educational Psychology, Willet (2008) found that many of the most cited papers in the Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling describe software packages that play a key role in modern chemo-informatics research. Anyi, Zainab and Anur (2009) did a bibliometric study...

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