Editors' Note

Author:Braunson Virjee - Chelsea Tu
Pages:2-2
 
CONTENT
public participation, and international cooperation to achieve
national capacity building.5
Most notable for SDLP, however, was the Earth Summit’s
international acknowledgement and integration of the principle
of sustainable development.6 As the fundamental focus of this
publication, sustainable development guides our every article.
In this issue, we seek to examine both the Earth Summit’s
past successes and current opportunities for further progress
at the upcoming Rio +20 conference. The articles herein look
forward and back to identify ways in which this upcoming con-
ference can serve its twin aims of fostering a green economy
in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradica-
tion and building the institutional framework for sustainable
development.7
As nations prepare to re-convene this coming June 2012
at the Rio +20 conference, debate, discussion, and collabora-
tion among the international environmental community will
only increase. This issue of SDLP contributes to this dialogue
with the sincere hope that it will aid in the further progress of
sustainable development law and policy at the anticipated Rio
+20 conference.
2Sustainable Development Law & Policy
We are very excited to present this Spring Issue
of Sustainable Development Law & Policy
(SDLP) focusing on the Rio+20 United Nations
Conference on Sustainable Development taking place in Rio
de Janeiro, Brazil this June 13-22, 2012.1 For many veter-
ans of the field, it may seem hard to believe that twenty years
has passed since the 1992 Earth Summit.2 As burgeoning
environmental lawyers and policy-makers at SDLP, however,
it is similarly strange for us to think of a world without that
momentous conference. After all, much of the progress and
frameworks of modern environmental law rest on the shoulders
of the Earth Summit.
The 1992 conference saw the Convention on Biological
Diversity open for signature, marking an international struc-
ture to protect the planet’s ecosystems, species, and genetic
resources.3 It also saw the inception of the U.N. Framework
Convention on Climate Change and the consequential first
steps toward the modern international climate regime.4
Moreover, the Rio Declaration and its principles memorialized
international acknowledgement of what have now become core
tenants of environmental law, including the precautionary prin-
ciple, the environmental impact assessment, the importance of
EDITORS’ NOTE
FEATURES:
21 | COMPULSORY LICENSING IN TRIPS: CHINESE
AND INDIAN COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE IN
THE MANUFACTURE AND EXPORTATION OF
GREEN TECHNOLOGIES
by Rishi R. Gupta
Braunson Virjee Chelsea Tu
1 Rio+20 — United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development,
United Nations, http://www.uncsd2012.org.
2 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (1992),
United Nations, http://www.un.org/geninfo/bp/enviro.html.
3 Convention on Biological Diversity, June 5, 1992, 31 I.L.M. 818,
http://www.cbd.int/doc/legal/cbd-en.pdf.
4 See United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change,
May 9, 1992, 1771 U.N.T.S. 107, http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/convkp/
conveng.pdf. See also GRACIELA CHICHILNISKY & KRISTEN A. SHEERAN, SAVING
KYOTO 56-57 (Kate Parker ed., 2009); DAVID HUNTER ET AL., INTERNATIONAL
ENVIRONMENTAL LAW AND POLICY 667-74 (Robert C. Clark et al. eds., 2007).
5 U.N. Conference on Environment and Development, June 13–14, 1992,
Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, U.N. Doc. A/CONF.151/26,
http://www.unep.org/Documents.Multilingual/Default.asp?DocumentID=
78&ArticleID=1163.
6 Id.
7 Objective & Themes, Rio+20 — United Nations Conference on Sustainable
Development, United Nations, http://www.uncsd2012.org/objectiveandthemes.html.