Dear EarthTalk: Global population numbers continue to rise, as does the poverty, suffering and environmental degradation that goes with it. Has the U.S., under Obama, increased or at least restored its family planning aid to developing countries that was cut when the Bush Administration first took office?--T. Healy, via e-mail
The short answer is yes. President Obama is much more interested in family planning around the world than his predecessor ever was. One of Obama's first acts upon assuming office in 2009 was the restoration of funding for the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). George W. Bush had withheld some $244 million in aid to the UNFPA over the previous seven years. UNFPA works with developing countries around the world to "reduce poverty and to ensure that every pregnancy is wanted, every birth is safe, every young person is free of HIV/AIDS, and every girl and woman is treated with dignity and respect."
Reinstated U.S. funding will help the agency pursue its goals of universal access to reproductive health services, universal primary education and closing of the gender gap in education, reducing maternal and infant mortality, increasing life expectancy and decreasing HIV infection rates.
Along with restoring UNFPA funding, Obama also overturned the so-called "Global Gag Rule" that prohibited groups funded by the U.S. Agency in International Development (USAID) from using any government or non-government funds for "providing advice, counseling or information regarding abortion, or lobbying a foreign government to legalize or make abortion available." Foreign nonprofits were already not allowed to use U.S. funds to pay for abortions, but the Global Gag Rule--first instituted as the 'Mexico City Policy' in 1984 by the Reagan White House, then overturned by Clinton and later reinstated by George W. Bush--went further by restricting the free...