Double identity.


I found the symposium on anti-Semitism a very good overview of this subject, both historically and currently. Unfortunately, I believe that a significant cause of it was overlooked by the contributors, namely the importance of primary and secondary historic identity for us as Jews, as well as for those nations where we have lived, primarily in Europe. This difference has contributed greatly to anti-Jewish attitudes over the centuries.

Historically we were Judeans who moved out of Judea, taking our religion, Judaism, with us as we settled in other parts of the world. Thus our primary identity was that of our religion, and secondarily, that of our geographic area of residence.

For Christians, among whom so many Jews lived over the centuries, their primary identity was geographic--first they were Teutons, Saxons, Gauls, et cetera, who subsequently adopted Christianity as their religion...

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