DEPARTMENT OF STATE
2201 C Street NW., Washington, DC 20520
SECRETARY OF STATE Madeleine K. Albright
Chief of Staff Elaine K. Shocas
Executive Assistant David M. Hale
Special Assistant to the Secretary William J. Burns
and Executive Secretary of the Department
Deputy Assistant Secretary for Equal Deidre A. Davis
Employment Opportunity and Civil Rights
Chief of Protocol Molly M. Raiser
Chairman, Foreign Service Grievance James Oldham
Civil Service Ombudsman Ted A. Borek
Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott
Under Secretary for Political Peter Tarnoff
Under Secretary for Economic and Joan E. Spero
Under Secretary for Global Affairs Timothy E. Wirth
Under Secretary for Arms Control and Lynn E. Davis
International Security Affairs
Under Secretary for Management Patrick F. Kennedy, Acting
Assistant Secretary for Genie Norris, Acting
Assistant Secretary for Consular Mary A. Ryan
Assistant Secretary for Diplomatic Eric James Boswell
Chief Financial Officer Richard L. Greene
Director General of the Foreign Anthony C.E. Quainton
Service and Director of Personnel
Medical Director, Department of Cedric E. Dumont, M.D.
State and the Foreign Service
Executive Secretary, Board of Leo Voytko, Jr.
the Foreign Service
Director of the Foreign Service Teresita C. Schaeffer
Director, Office of Foreign Missions Eric James Boswell
Assistant Secretary for Population, Phyllis E. Oakley
Refugee, and Migration Affairs
Inspector General Jacqueline L. Williams-Bridge
Director, Policy Planning Staff James B. Steinberg
Assistant Secretary for Legislative Barbara Larkin
Assistant Secretary for Democracy, John Shattuck
Human Rights, and Labor
Legal Advisor Michael J. Matheson, Acting
Assistant Secretary for African George Moose
Assistant Secretary for East Asian Charles Kartman, and Pacific Affairs Acting
Assistant Secretary for European and John Kornblum
Assistant Secretary for Inter- Jeffrey Davidow
Permanent Representative of the Harriet C. Babbitt
United States of America to the Organization of American States
Assistant Secretary for Near Eastern David Welch, Acting
Assistant Secretary for South Asian Robin L. Raphel
Assistant Secretary for Economic and Daniel K. Tarullo
Assistant Secretary for Intelligence Toby Trister Gati
Assistant Secretary for Princeton Lyman
International Organization Affairs
Assistant Secretary for Oceans and Eileen Claussen
International Environmental and Scientific Affairs
Assistant Secretary for Public R. Nicholas Burns, Affairs Acting
Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Thomas E. McNamara
Assistant Secretary for Robert S. Gelbard
International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
U.S. Coordinator, International Vonya B. McCann
Communications and Information Policy
United States Mission to the United Nations
799 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017
United States Representative to the United Bill Richardson
Nations and Representative in the Security Council
Deputy United States Representative Edward Gnehm, Jr.
to the United Nations
United States Representative for Karl F. Inderfurth
Special Political Affairs in the United Nations
United States Representative on the Victor Marrero
Economic and Social Council
United States Representative for (vacancy)
U.N. Management and Reform
\1\ A description of the organization and functions of the United Nations can be found under Selected Multilateral Organizations in this book.
The Department of State advises the President in the formulation and execution of foreign policy. As Chief Executive, the President has overall responsibility for the foreign policy of the United States. The Department of State's primary objective in the conduct of foreign relations is to promote the long-range security and well-being of the United States. The Department determines and analyzes the facts relating to American overseas interests, makes recommendations on policy and future action, and takes the necessary steps to carry out established policy. In so doing, the Department engages in continuous consultations with the American public, the Congress, other U.S. departments and agencies, and foreign governments; negotiates treaties and agreements with foreign nations; speaks for the United States in the United Nations and in more than 50 major international organizations in which the
United States participates; and represents the United States at more than 800 international conferences annually.
The Department of State, the senior executive department of the U.S. Government, was established by act of July 27, 1789, as the Department of Foreign Affairs and was renamed Department of State by act of September 15, 1789 (22 U.S.C. 2651 note).
Office of the Secretary
Secretary of State The Secretary of State, the principal foreign policy adviser to the President, is responsible for the overall direction, coordination, and supervision of U.S. foreign relations and for the interdepartmental activities of the U.S. Government overseas. The Secretary is the first-ranking member of the Cabinet, is a member of the National Security Council, and is in charge of the operations of the Department, including the Foreign Service. The Office of the Secretary includes the offices of the Deputy Secretary, Under Secretaries, Assistant Secretaries, Counselor, Legal Adviser, and Inspector General. Some areas where public purposes are widely applied are detailed below and on the following pages.
Economic and Agricultural Affairs The Under Secretary for Economic and Agricultural Affairs is principal adviser to the Secretary and Deputy Secretary in the formulation and conduct of foreign economic policy. Specific areas for which the Under Secretary is responsible include international trade, agriculture, energy, finance, transportation, and relations with developing countries.
International Security Affairs The Under Secretary for International Security Affairs is responsible for assuring the integration of all elements of the Foreign Assistance Program as an effective instrument of U.S. foreign policy and serves as Chairman of the Arms Transfer Management Group. Other areas of responsibility include international scientific and technological issues, communications and information policy, and technology transfers.
Six Assistant Secretaries direct the activities of the geographic bureaus, which are responsible for our foreign affairs activities throughout the world. These are the Bureaus of African Affairs, European and Canadian Affairs, East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Inter-American Affairs, and Near Eastern Affairs, and South Asian Affairs.
The regional Assistant Secretaries also serve as Chairmen of Interdepartmental Groups in the National Security Council system. These groups discuss and decide issues that can be settled at the Assistant Secretary level, including those arising out of the implementation of National Security Council decisions. They prepare policy papers for consideration by the Council and contingency papers on potential crisis areas for Council review.
Diplomatic Security The Bureau of Diplomatic Security, established under the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986, as amended (22 U.S.C. 4803 et seq.), provides a secure environment for conducting American diplomacy and promoting American interests worldwide.
The Assistant Secretary of State for Diplomatic Security is responsible for:
--security and protective operations abroad and in the United States;
--counter-terrorism planning and coordination;
--security technology development;
--foreign government security training; and
The Security Awareness Staff directs the development and execution of bureauwide security and information awareness policies and programs, press and media relations, and public awareness. The Security Awareness Program provides information on diplomatic security concerns and is a focal point for responding to public inquiries and maintaining media relations on diplomatic security issues and events. The Training Support Division provides publications and training videotapes on diplomatic security concerns.
The Private Sector Liaison Staff maintains daily contact with and actively supports the U.S. private sector by disseminating timely, unclassified security information concerning the safety of U.S. private sector personnel, facilities, and operations abroad. The Staff operates the Electronic Bulletin Board, a computerized, unclassified security information data base accessible to U.S. private sector enterprises. It also provides direct consultation services to the private sector concerning security threats abroad.
The Overseas Security Advisory Council promotes cooperation on security-related issues between the American private sector interests worldwide and the Department of State, as provided in 22 U.S.C. 2656 and the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as amended (5 U.S.C. app.). The Council establishes continuing liaison and provides for operational security cooperation between Department security functions and the private sector. The Council also provides for regular and timely exchange of information between the private sector and the Department concerning developments in protective security. Additionally, it recommends methods and provides material for coordinating security planning and implementation of security programs.
The Office of Policy, Planning, and Budget assists in developing and coordinating Department and interagency security policy issues and standards through participation in committees, councils, and working groups and in providing assistance to Diplomatic Security program offices by resolving policy inconsistencies.