Department of Homeland Security

Pages:228-238
 
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DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY \*\

Washington, DC 20528

Phone, 202-282-8000. Internet, www.dhs.gov.

SECRETARY OF HOMELAND SECURITY Michael Chertoff

Assistant Secretary, Office of Pam Turner

Legislative Affairs

Assistant Secretary, Office of Brian R. Besanceney

Public Affairs

Special Assistant to the Secretary-- Al Martinez-Fonts

Private Sector

Director, Office of International Cris Arcos

Affairs

Director, Office for National Thomas J. Lockwood

Capital Region Coordination

Director, Office of State and Local Josh Filler

Government Coordination

Director, Office of Counternarcotics Ralph D. Utley, Acting

Enforcement and U.S. Interdiction Coordinator

Commandant, United States Coast Adm. Thomas H. Collins

Guard

Inspector General Richard L. Skinner, Acting

General Counsel Joe Whitley

Officer for Civil Rights and Civil Dan Sutherland

Liberties

Privacy Officer Nuala O'Connor Kelly

Director, United States Secret W. Ralph Basham

Service

Executive Director, Homeland Daniel J. Ostergaard

Security Advisory Council

Deputy Secretary Michael P. Jackson

Director, Bureau of Citizenship and Eduardo Aguirre, Jr.

Immigration Services

Citizenship and Immigration Services Prakash I. Khatri

Ombudsman

Under Secretary for Border and Randy Beardsworth, Transportation Security Acting

Under Secretary for Emergency Mike Brown

Preparedness and Response

Under Secretary for Information Bob Stephan

Analysis and Infrastructure Protection

Under Secretary for Management Janet Hale

Under Secretary for Science and Charles E. McQueary

Technology

\*\ Editorial note: Updated information for this Department's activities and programs was not submitted.

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The Department of Homeland Security protects the Nation against terroristattacks. The Department is dedicated to achieving this goal while allowing for the free flow of people, goods, and commerceacross our borders and through our airports and seaports. Component agencies will analyze threats and intelligence, guard our borders and airports, protect our critical infrastructure, and coordinate the response of our Nation for future emergencies. Besides providing a better coordinated defenseof the homeland, the Department is also dedicated to protecting the rights of

American citizens and enhancing public services, such as natural disaster assistanceand citizenship services, by dedicating offices to these important missions.

The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) was established by the Homeland Security Act of 2002, (6 U.S.C. 101 note). Pursuant to this legislation, the Department came into existence on January 24, 2003, and is administered under the supervision and direction of the Secretary of Homeland Security. DHS consolidates functions from 22 agencies under one vast umbrella with a single, critical mission of protecting the United States using state-of-the-art intelligence information.

The Secretary is charged with developing and coordinating a comprehensive national strategy to strengthen the United States against terrorist threats or attacks. In fulfilling this effort, the Secretary will advise the President on strengthening U.S. borders, providing for intelligence analysis and infrastructure protection, improving the use of science and technology to counter weapons of mass destruction, and creating a comprehensive response and recovery division.

Directorates

DHS will pursue its mission through five directorates:

Border and Transportation Security Directorate

The Directorate of Borderand TransportationSecurity (BTS) is responsible for securing our Nation's borders and transportation systems, which straddle 350 official portsof entry and connect our homeland to the rest of the world. BTS also is responsible for enforcingthe Nation's immigration laws. BTS will manage and coordinate port of entry activities and lead efforts to create a border of the future that provides greater security against terrorists, the instruments of terrorism, and other international threats, through better intelligence, coordinated national efforts, and unprecedented international cooperation while simultaneously ensuring the efficient flow of lawful traffic and commerce.

Emergency Preparedness and Response Directorate

The Directorate of Emergency Preparedness and Response (EP&R) ensures that the Nation is prepared for catastrophes--whether natural disastersor terroristassaults. Not only will EP&R coordinate with first-

responders, it will oversee the Federal Government's national response and recovery strategy.

EP&R will continue the former Federal Emergency Management Agency's efforts to reduce the loss of life and property and to protect our Nation's institutions from all types of hazards through a comprehensive, risk-based emergency management program of preparedness, prevention, response, and recovery. It will further the evolution of the emergency management culture from one that reacts to disasters to one that proactively helps communities and citizens avoid becoming victims. In addition, EP&R will develop and manage a national training and evaluation system to design curricula, set standards, evaluate, and reward performance in local, State, and Federal training efforts.

Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection Directorate

The Directorate of Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection

(IAIP) merges under one roof the capability to identify and assess current and future threats to the homeland, map those threats against our vulnerabilities, issue timely warnings, and take preventive and protective action. IAIP will fuse and analyze information from multiple sources pertaining to terrorist threats. It

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will coordinate and, as appropriate, consolidate the Federal Government's lines of communication with State and local public safety agencies and with the private sector, creating a coherent and efficient system for conveying actionable intelligenceand other threat information. IAIP also will administer the Homeland Security Advisory System. IAIP will take the lead in coordinating the national effort to secure the Nation's infrastructure, giving State, local, and private entities one primary contact for coordinating protection activities within the Federal Government, including vulnerability assessments, strategic planning efforts, and exercises.

Management Directorate

The Management Directorate is responsible for budget, appropriations, expenditure of funds, accounting and finance; procurement; human resources and personnel; information technology systems; facilities, property, equipment, and other material resources; and identification and tracking of performance measurements relating to the responsibilities of the Department. It is also responsible for ensuring that employees have clear responsibilities and means of communication with other personnel and management so that the more than 170,000 employees of DHS are connected to and fully a part of the goals and mission of the Department.

Scienceand Technology Directorate

The Directorate of Science and Technology (S&T) organizes the vast scientific and technological resources of the United States to prevent or mitigate the effects of catastrophic terrorism against the United States or its allies. It will unify and coordinate much of the Federal Government's efforts to develop and implement scientific and technological countermeasures, including channeling the intellectual energy and extensive capacity of important scientific institutions, such as the national laboratories and academic institutions.

This research and development emphasis will be driven by a constant examination of the Nation's vulnerabilities, constant testing of our security systems, and a thorough evaluation of threats and security weaknesses. The emphasis will be on catastrophic terrorism--threats to the security of our homeland that could result in large-scale loss of life and major economic impact. It will be aimed at both evolutionary improvements to current capabilities and the development of revolutionary new capabilities.

ImmigrationServices

On March 1, 2003, services formerly provided by the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) transitioned into DHS as U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services(USCIS). Created as a separate bureau by the Homeland Security Act of 2002, USCIS allows DHS to improve the administration of benefits and immigration services for applicants by exclusively focusing on immigration and citizenship services.

USCIS is headed by a Director, who reports directly to the Deputy Secretary for Homeland Security.

USCIS is responsible for administering immigrationand naturalization adjudication functions and establishing immigration services policies and priorities. These functions include the following:

--adjudication of immigrant visa petitions;

--adjudication of naturalization petitions;

--adjudication of asylum and refugeeapplications;

--adjudications performed at the service centers; and

--all other adjudications previously performed by INS.

USCIS's mission is to secure America's promise as a nation of immigrants by

promoting national security, eliminating immigration case backlogs, providing accurate and useful information to its customers, granting immigration and citizenship benefits, promoting an awareness and understanding of citizenship, and ensuring the integrity of our immigration system. USCIS ensures that America continues to welcome visitors, refugees, immigrants, asylum seekers, and new...

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