It is indisputable that some of the most important factors that perpetrate poverty in Nigeria are Nigerian ruling and business elite. Secondly, we may probably assert that the ruling elite also suffers leadership qualities. They lack in the kind of philosophical and ideological vision and orientation that is committed to developing 'a dream society'. They have no dream about a great satisfaction of immediate selfish gratification. They suddenly become rich through corrupt practices through the customs and excise, for men, it is therefore very important for us to look briefly at their nature of corruption in Nigeria.
Corruption is a social problem that has bothered many scholars. Ruzindana (1999) assert that corruption in Africa is a problem of routine deviation from established standard and norms by public officials and parties with whom they interact. He also identified the types of corruption in Africa which are Bribery, Private gain, Over-involving &other benefits to non-existent workers and pensioners (called ghost workers in Nigeria) The dishonest &illegal behavior exhibited especially by people in authority for their personal gain is corruption. According to the ICPC Act (section 2), corruption includes vices like bribery, fraud and other related offences. The said corruption as the abuse or misuse of power or position of trusts for personal or group benefit (monetary or otherwise). Deductively therefore corruption is any induced or uninduced behavior within a integrity, purpose, virtue and ethics for private end.
A panoramic analysis of the vice of corruption shows that it is the physical symptom of numerous difficulties within contemporary societies. Main while it is well planned and executed, it usually involves not one party but more than one party. It takes a form of an organized crime. At times, an organization can be established on corruption beget corruption. Gbenga (2008) then assert that corruption is contagious. According to perception index in 2004 of the TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL, Nigeria was ranked 144th out of the 146 countries served beating Bangladesh and Haiti to the last position. An analysis of the anti-graft /anti-corruption Laws in Nigeria gives us a clear view of offences that can be described as corruption and punishment attached, corruption practices will continue in spite of the anti-graft corruption Laws because man in positions are confident that no action can be taken against them because corruption is something that supposedly take place in private. Nowadays, we have seen how the laws are between applied, particularly the EFCC. It is now drawing on the Nigerian public that the so-called private enterprise and the legislator are free from scrutiny, the governors claim to be immunity clause. Their personal assistance and the commissioners are however, not immune. Henceforth, president, to be hunted down by the EFCC under miscellaneous offences Act. The ganging up of legislators and counselor to extort money and other gratification is an act of corruption. Corruption is found in award of contract, promotion of staff, dispensation of justice and misuse of public offices, position and privileges, embezzlement of public fund, public books, publications, documents, valuable security and account. Corruption can be perfected that it becomes difficult to unfold. It can be systematic in nature and affect the whole life style of an organization or society.
THE GROWING CASES OF CORRUPTION IN NIGERIA.
According to John Locke he amplified this doctrine of separation of power where he indicated the danger of oppressive and arbitrary rule if the different function of government were exercised by a single person or institution , main while, these amplified doctrine of John Locke can then related to Nigerian government where corruption as eaten deep to. The growing cases of corruption Nigeria can be traced into people holding power within the Federal, State, Local government level.
The cases of corruption does not end only with people in...