Correctional budgets.

Position:Survey Summary
 
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The cost for providing inmate health care, inmate food services and other institutional services, as well as for administering and staffing U.S. adult prisons, have all risen since the last survey on the topic of budgets was published in the November/December 2007 issue of Corrections Compendium. Forty-seven U.S. systems and two Canadian provinces responded to the current survey. The Canadian information is noted on each of the following tables but not included in this summary.

Budget Details

The 47 reporting U.S. systems budgeted roughly $44.8 billion to maintain 1,309,674 inmates in their charge, plus 1,827,118 on parole or probation, where applicable. Beyond their allocations for the categories mentioned above, the systems also were asked to provide percentages of their budgets allocated for physical operations, community programs for their internal populations, community programs for external participants, correctional industries and construction projects (if included in their departmental responsibilities), and to identify any other items of note within their overall budgets. Some of the other expenditures specified included area jail and private prison housing, inmate transportation, intake service centers, gate fees for releasing inmates, officer clothing and equipment, victim services, home monitoring, halfway houses, jail inspections, staff training, an inmate reentry program in Michigan, a farm program in Mississippi, the Interstate Compact Administration in North Dakota, and the Federal Criminal Alien Assistance Program in New York. The percentage of allocated costs for custody/security staff represents the highest expenditures among all categories.

ADULT CORRECTIONAL BUDGETS - 2008-2009 TABLE 1: ALLOCATED COSTS AVERAGE DAILY POPULATION 12-31-08 SYSTEM Prison/Residential Probation/Parole TOTAL DOC BUDGET ALABAMA 25,223 N/A $450,600,000 ALASKA 5,140 5,769 $246,337,500 ARIZONA 39,502 7,534 $1,039,892,300 ARKANSAS 13,154 N/A $279,800,358 CALIFORNIA 171,085 123,597 $9,797,747,000 COLORADO 23,429 11,550 $759,502,556 CONNECTICUT 18,967 2,154 $710,139,836 DELAWARE 6,078 16,262 $269,623,800 FLORIDA 99,554 159,733 $2,472,744,406 GEORGIA 55,050 155,789 $1,101,099,760 HAWAII 5,046 927 $205,823,843 IDAHO 7,285 13,525 $176,336,587 ILLINOIS No response INDIANA 25,893 11,138 $603,000,000 IOWA 10,114 28,353 $386,130,502 KANSAS 8,617 5,776 $282,971,981 KENTUCKY 21,528 38.336 $436,826,549 LOUISIANA 38,228 64,650 $716,613,446 MAINE 2,250 7,280 $101,656,002 MARYLAND No response MASSACHUSETTS 11,448 N/A $523,939,874 MICHIGAN 48,710 76,707 $2,051,358,100 MINNESOTA 8,943 Unknown $476,046,130 MISSISSIPPI 22,905 26,956 $347,817,965 MISSOURI 30,438 72,281 $767,784,624 MONTANA 4,273 8,736 $146,569,713 NEBRASKA 4,349 1,069 $165,645,635 NEVADA 13,457 N/A $328,679,966 NEW HAMPSHIRE 2,764 6,687 $104,391,360 NEW JERSEY 24,814 N/A $2,118,531,000 NEW MEXICO 6,385 13,651 $320,515,100 NEW YORK 61,006 N/A $3,021,858,000 NORTH CAROLINA 39,746 117,337 $1,508,499,024 NORTH DAKOTA 1,475 4,886 $68,300,000 OHIO 50,887 37,594 $1,682,601,909 OKLAHOMA 25,224 31,086 S576,800,127 OREGON 13,556 33,025 S673,658,995 PENNSYLVANIA 49,307 1,331 (1) $1,605,505,000 RHODE ISLAND 3,839 27,954 $195,941,751 SOUTH CAROLINA 23,702 N/A $326,533,178 SOUTH DAKOTA 3,344 2,782 $62,396,723 TENNESSEE 19,454 58,528 $698,069,700 TEXAS 155,924 506,695 $2,884,070,810 UTAH 6,561 15,319 $273,281,200 VERMONT No response VIRGINIA 32,710 59,423 $1,259,330,424 WASHINGTON 18,102 N/A $919,957,544 WEST VIRGINIA 4,897 2,415 $157,470,515 WISCONSIN (2) 23,302 70,121 $1,033,427,800 WYOMING 2,009 1,622 S113,404,611 CANADIAN SYSTEMS MANITOBA 1,640 6,626 $98,943,000 ONTARIO 8,854 57,391 $689,955,700 APPROXIMATE PERCENTAGE OF ALLOCATED COSTS PER BUDGET CATEGORY SYSTEM Administration Custodyl Inmate Institutional Security Health Services Staff Care ALABAMA 4.4 47.2 20.3 10.8 ALASKA 3.62 67.18 14.24 N/A ARIZONA 5.7 41.8 15.2 13.6 ARKANSAS 5 54 22 5 CALIFORNIA 14.04 36.15 23.31 3.51 COLORADO 15.6 40.7 12.5 7.8 CONNECTICUT 840 53.86 15.74 5.28 DELAWARE 6.1 42.9 18 14.5 FLORIDA 3.1 51 16.2 8 GEORGIA 8 34 22 6 HAWAII 4 74 9 9 IDAHO 10 47 13 11 ILLINOIS INDIANA 9.88 38.75 14.63 13.77 IOWA 20.1 35.6 8.9 3.6 KANSAS 7.7 35.6 16.3 7 KENTUCKY 2 36 14 3 LOUISIANA 5.5 32.1 9.3 11.4 MAINE N/A 76.05 15.10 N/A MARYLAND MASSACHUSETTS 12.4 55.4 16.6 5 MICHIGAN 6.15 54.89 15.57 7.57 MINNESOTA 24 27.4 11.5 3.6 MISSISSIPPI 3.25 63.75 14.41 3.76 MISSOURI 5 24.57 16.93 5.95 MONTANA 12.56 26.63 19.09 3.26 NEBRASKA 12 40 17 13 NEVADA 6 64 14 6 NEW HAMPSHIRE 6 60 11 2 NEW JERSEY 5 52 14 10 NEW MEXICO 2 8 61.1 16 4.2 NEW YORK 0.08 46.57 11.82 7.89 NORTH CAROLINA 5 40 18 7 NORTH DAKOTA 6.1 29.2 27.6 7.2 OHIO 7.86 33.64 17.28 12.96 OKLAHOMA 10.73 36.45 11.04 N/A OREGON 10.4 32.9 14.5 8.4 PENNSYLVANIA 2.17 N/A 13.34 81.72 RHODE ISLAND 4.88 57.04 12.08 7.64 SOUTH CAROLINA 3.15 54.49 18.06 10.86 SOUTH DAKOTA N/A N/A 24.2 6 TENNESSEE 7.82 24.71 12.33 7.33 TEXAS 2.2 36.2 19.2 11.1 UTAH 6.6 32.2 8.6 7.1 VERMONT VIRGINIA 6.1 34.9 13.8 8.6 WASHINGTON 11.42 34.21 15.69 5.82 WEST VIRGINIA 50.04 13.57 15.43 4.93 WISCONSIN (2) N/A N/A N/A N/A WYOMING 8.9 38.8 17.8 11.9 CANADIAN SYSTEMS MANITOBA 5.0 55.7 4.0 12 ONTARIO 6 47 9 6 APPROXIMATE PERCENTAGE OF ALLOCATED COSTS PER BUDGET CATEGORY SYSTEM Physical Community Community Correctional Operations Programs for Programs Industries Internal for Population External Population ALABAMA 9.8 N/A 1.3 6.1 ALASKA 5.49 0.56 N/A 0.96 ARIZONA 1.8 0.7 1.4 2.8 ARKANSAS 13 1 N/A N/A CALIFORNIA 7.30 2.84 3.48 N/A COLORADO 6.5 2.2 N/A 7.1 CONNECTICUT 8.25 5.50 N/A N/A DELAWARE 4.1 0.5 0.2 1.7 FLORIDA 4.9 N/A N/A N/A GEORGIA 8 N/A 12 N/A HAWAII 0.55 N/A N/A N/A IDAHO 3 3 N/A N/A ILLINOIS INDIANA 1.84 N/A 5.58 N/A IOWA 7.2 21.1 N/A N/A KANSAS 10.5 1.2 7.5 3.1 KENTUCKY 5 N/A N/A 3 LOUISIANA 2.3 3.1 N/A 4.8 MAINE N/A N/A N/A N/A MARYLAND MASSACHUSETTS 9.5 N/A N/A 1.1 MICHIGAN 0.12 N/A 3.12 0.97 MINNESOTA 8.5 N/A 15.4 N/A MISSISSIPPI 0.86 5.93 0.19 N/A MISSOURI 23.22 1.73 0.95 4.28 MONTANA 0.54 N/A N/A N/A NEBRASKA 6 N/A

The issuance of bonds to implement their budgets was noted by 15 of the reporting U.S. systems...

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