Egypt's reputation as a center for the piracy of copyrighted material worsened in 2004. Despite improvements in copyright law, enforcement is lacking. During 2004, organized crime syndicates reportedly were able to reinforce their position with retail markets and flooded these distribution channels with pirated product.

The situation is not expected to improve soon.

These observations are contained in a "2005 Special 301 Report" issued by the International Intellectual Property Alliance (IIPA), a trade association representing a coalition of six major trade associations with 1,500 member U. S. companies. The "301" in the title refers to Section 301 of the (U.S.) Trade Act of 1974 allowing individuals and companies to petition the U. S. Government to investigate "unfair" trade practices in international markets. According to USA Today the piracy of copyrighted material costs companies worldwide US$19-billion every year. Music, movies, and software are the most commonly pirated materials, and book piracy thrives as well. USA Today sourced the U. S. Department of Justice (USDJ) on the total loss number. The IIPA as well as countries other than the U. S. who have an interest in protecting indigenous copyright industries, are anxious for oversight of piracy in Egypt to be passed to Egypt's progressive Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (MCIT). The MCIT is likely to be more aggressive in dealing with the home-grown pirates. Notwithstanding its negative comments about the Egyptian market, the IIPA acknowledged...

To continue reading