The concept of Open Access initiative started long back, but it gained momentum only after 1990s as with the increase of internet the applicability of open access scholarly publication also increased. Open Access repositories facilitate free availability and distribution of digital scholarly communication. 'Open Access' of literature is free availability of internet, user can read, copy, download, print, distribute, search etc. Electronic Thesis and Dissertation (ETD) is like a traditional thesis and depending upon the nature of accessibility it can be accessed and retrieved anytime, anywhere and helps in increasing the visibility of the individual researcher as well as the university involved in the research work. Higher education institutes in India are developing institutional repositories to manage the theses, dissertation and other scholarly materials produced by their students and scholars which are openly available and anyone can access and retrieve worldwide. Shodhganga is a digital open repository of Indian Electronic Thesis and Dissertation which was set up by Information Library Network (INFLIBNET). It stores intellectual output in repositories hosted and maintained by INFLIBNET center using DSpace open source digital repository software.
Review of related Literature
Hasan, Khan and Iqbal (2016) in their paper have highlighted the contribution of Aligarh Muslim University (AMU). The year-wise and subject-wise contribution have been enlisted and analyzed in the paper. Kumar (2015) highlighted the current status of electronic version of theses dissertations in Indian University libraries as well as in Shodhganga. He is of the view that open access systems of electronic theses & dissertations will make it easy to collect required information and knowledge by saving valuable time, increase the rate of research, all academic communities will get their benefits. Sengupta (2015) has reported the status of ETD contributions of Universities of Maharashtra. It was found out that out of thee 45 different types of Universities in Maharashtra, only 50% have signed MoU with Shodhganga. The top three contributing universities came out to be Shivaji University, Kolhapur with 412 ETDs, followed by SantGadge Baba Amravati University (312) and SavitribaiPhule Pune University (290). Sivakumaren (2015) examined the Electronic Thesis and Dissertations (ETDs) deposited at INFLIBNET Shodhganga project by Indian Universities. It is found that more than 32000 theses have been deposited on various disciplines by 201 Universities. The study considered only top five Universities ranked by INFLIBNET Shodhganga project which have contributed 3145 theses in the repository. Das and Saikia (2014) attempted to find out the status and contribution of Universities of Assam registered in Shodhganga. There are 16 universities in Assam and out of these only three are contributing to the shodhganga.. Sheeja and Cherukodan (2011) examined the ETD Project of Cochin University of Science and Technology and Mahatma Gandhi University and found that both institutions have promoted ETDs by organizing workshops, adopting open source software for ETDs, and training library staff.
Objectives of the Study
To find out the number of central universities which have signed MoU with shodhganga and the total number of theses and dissertation contributed by all these central universities.
To find out and rank the top ten central universities in accordance with the number of theses contributed by them to Shodhganga.
To find out the number of theses contributed by the faculties of each university and rank them accordingly.
To find out the leading faculties of the respective central universities on the basis of their contribution.
To find out the year-wise contribution from each university.
To meet the above objectives an extensive study of the Shodhganga repository was carried out. Only central universities are selected for this study and data was collected university wise, faculty wise and year wise. The data was collected from the Shodhganga website till on 02.04.2017 and presented in the form of tables and figures and analyzed using simple percentages. Top 10 central universities were selected out of 27 central universities which have signed MoU with Shodhganga.
There are 46 Central universities in India listed by the UGC as on 15.01.2016. Out these 46 universities only 27 universities have signed MoU with Shodhganga in order to contribute their research output. Total number of theses submitted by these 27 central universities is 19187 as on 02 April 2017.
Contribution of Top Ten Universities
Table 1 lists the ten most contributing central universities along with their number and percentage of contribution. Total contribution made by the following ten universities is 18378 which accounts for 95.8% of the total contribution made from 27 universities.
From Table 1 and figure 1 it can be seen that out the 27 universities, Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) ranked one as it has contributed the maximum number of theses 6458 (33.7%)in Shodhganga followed by Jawaharlal University (JNU) whose contribution is 4693(25.5%). Further it is found that Dr. Hari Singh Gour University ranks third with the contribution of 1659 (8.6%) theses, North Eastern Hill University ranks fourth with 1096 (5.7%) followed by University of Hyderabad contributing 1004 (5.2%) theses. The table also indicates that next highest contributing universities among 27 central universities are Assam University (5.1%), Pondicherry University (4.2%), Manipur University (3.7%), University of Delhi (2.6%), and Tezpur University (2.4%).
Contribution by Aligarh Muslim University
The Table 2 shows the faculty wise contribution from Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh (Uttar Pradesh) to Shodhganga. It can be seen that out of the thirteen faculties, Faculty of Science (1687) has contributed the maximum number of theses followed by the Faculty of Social Sciences (1272) and Faculty of Life Sciences (1264). The least contributing faculty comes out to be the Faculty of International Studies contributing...