The Open Access (O
Movement is a benefaction of ICT to the researchers and academicians at the global level. It provides an easy access to information to users by getting rid of constraints such as, space, time and money. The evolving of electronic information resources has drastically changed the status of all the libraries and information centers across the world during the last two decades. Open access has not only removed price and permission barrier but also helped in bridging the gap between information rich and information poor. In other words it is a great boon for developing and under developed countries. In a changed scenario the user community is expecting more and more freely accessible resources online. Today major problems of academic libraries are shrinking budget, inadequate information resources and inadequate manpower etc. Thus academic libraries are trying to acquire quality Information and resources in the most competent and cost effective means possible. Hence open access directories like DOAJ are very much helpful in this critical time for libraries.
Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals) is an open access platform, which contains 10,862 open access journals are scattered in more than twenty major disciplines viz., medical, engineering, technology, agriculture and social sciences etc.., These journals are being published in many languages by 122 countries. It contains 2,824,318 articles covering all the subjects, including the articles published in bilingual languages. DOAJ covers all open access resources, which can access, download and handout e-print to the users. DOAJ covers more than 10 percent of the world's peer-reviewed journals, making this directory among the world's largest collections of peer-reviewed scholarly journals. (DOAJ 2018)
Group of Seven (G7)
Group of Seven (G7) is an organization of the highly industrialized countries of the United States (US), Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, and the United Kingdom (UK). The G7 countries possess 64% of the world's wealth and have a very high human development index. These countries also represent 46% of the global GDP. The G7 was formed in 1975 by the six countries of US, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, and the UK with the exception country. Canada was invited the following year making membership to seven G7 countries. The representatives of the G7 countries meet annually to discuss international economic and monetary issues. The president of the G7 rotates among the member states every year. (Benjamin 2017)
Review of Literature
Singh (2014) Study aims to analyze the role of Brazil, Russian Federation, India, China, and South Africa (BRICS) in open access movement with respect to DOAJ and Open DOAR. Singh (2014) evaluates the contribution of SAARC nations to DOAJ. Patil, Kamble & Kumbar (2016) paper evaluates and presents the contribution of BRICS Nations to DOAJ. Bansal (2016) Paper attempts to examine the contribution of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Countries to Open DOAR by size, language, subject, content and software used. Mondal (2016) paper consolidates the e-journal originated from SAARC member countries and analyses them based on country, trend, subject, language and top level domain.
Objectives of the Study
The main objective of the present study is to analyze the Contribution of G7 Countries to Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ). The other objectives of study are to evaluate country wise, year wise, Article processing charges (APCs) wise, License wise, Review wise and subject wise contributions of G7 Countries to the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ).
Methods of the Study
The Directory of open access journals database has been used to carry out the present study, to get required data for...