Contribution of Asian Open Access Repositories to OpenDOAR.

Author:Sharma, Rajul

1 Introduction

The phrase 'Open Access' gained popularity in 2002, when the Open Society Institute (OSI) brought about the Budapest Open Archive Initiative stated that "open access" to literature, indicate towards its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself (Open Society Institute, 2002). Further, Repository can be defined as networked system that provides services from a collection of digital objects. Repositories include: institutional repositories, learning object repositories, cultural heritage repositories, etc. Nowadays, these Open access repositories have become very famous among researchers all over the world, and significant growth can be seen in the number of repositories as to what it was a decade ago. So, this paper aims to evaluate the 723 Open Access Repositories provided in OpenDOAR by countries from Asia.

2 Review of Literature

The major reason for Open Access Repositories (IR) gaining popularity lies in the advantage that this platform provides the medium to have worldwide audience for an research output. OpenDOAR is a service provider which provides access to the repositories from across the world. Literature on Open Access Repositories with special reference to Asia draws our attention towards a recent study by Elahi and Mezbah-ul-Islam (2018), where he indicated towards the slow progress of open access repositories in Bangladesh. When studying the Indian scenario, it was found that Bansal (2016) noted that India is major contributor with 68 repositories, with most repositories in English language and created using Dspace. As per a study conducted in Pakistan, Bhatt (2009) reflected that Eprints is the most popular platform for hosting repositories. Moreover if we look at the global scenario, study by Bhattacharjee and Samrah (2015) reported that Europe and Unites States are on the top with the highest number of repositories registered on OpenDOAR. Moreover, it is emphasized by Elahi and Mezbah-ul-Islam (2018) that there is a need for public awareness regarding the concept of open access repositories in Bangladesh to support research and development. It is further sad to mention that Bansal...

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