Contribution by the Indian and Pakistani Authors to Library Philosophy and Practice: A Bibliometric Analysis 2008-2017.

Author:Saini, Om Prakash
  1. Introduction

    The subject Library and Information Science is more than a century old which begun in 1911 in India and well-known in roots of Indian education system. However, slowly and gradually, the Library Science in Indian subcontinental has emerged as an important subject which is growing rapidly. There are more than 400 LIS journals available worldwide indexed in reputed sources. The Library Philosophy and Practice (LPP) is an international journal and a collaboration accounts for the articles that have been produced by researchers from several countries that began in 1998. In the brief history of just 20 years of this journal, the journal has recognized as a reputed journal in the field.

    The present study has started with an intention to know India's contribution to the prestigious journal LPP from last decade. Later on, the authors come to know that already the work has done on this similar aspect but in a limited period coverage and scope. However, the study combines the results of the bibliometric analysis of both Indian and Pakistani author's contribution together has not conducted. Before, conducting this study, duly permission for using the partial data from Anwar, (2018) and Sa & Barik, (2016) have obtained. However, the data for the years 2016 and 2017 were collected separately to supplement the data for Indian author's contribution LPP an e-journal for a decade. Keeping in mind the significant output of the study, the data was restructured and presented in new form and packaging. Both India and Pakistan are significant countries in South East Asia, it is hoped that the study will be fruitful for the reader and researchers of both countries.

    i. Bibliometrics

    Paul Otlet was the first who used the 'Bibliometrie' in 1934 that understood as "the measurement of all aspects related to the publication and reading of books and documents." However, Alan Pichard coined the original bibliometrics in 1969 which is understood as "the application of mathematics and statistical methods to books and other media of communication" (Wikipedia, 2018). According to the Verma and Shukla, (2018) the word 'Bibliometrics' combines the 'biblio' derived from the Greek word biblion' which understood as a book and other word 'metrics' is originated from 'metrikos' means as the measurement. In the present context, the term Bibliometric is defined as "the application of mathematical and statistical methods to measure quantitative and qualitative changes in different media." In brief, bibliometrics is an application of quantitative statistics measurements to study and analysis of books, periodicals and other communication media and used in the related literature to describe and monitor its growth and changes. Bansal, (2014) examines the bibliometric that it is associated with the quantification of different types of texts and media. Further, Bornmann (2014) revealed that the bibliometrics analysis and its tools used for the calculation of the Impact Factor of publications and citation analysis for trace the growth and research trends of a particular journal.

    Bibliometrics is an emerging field in information science, and its increasing importance provides opportunities for librarians to develop and provide innovative services and thus aid their customers in an academic environment more effectively. In brief, bibliometrics is a statistical tool used to assess the growth of publications, highly cited articles in the field, active countries, and institutions, as well as research collaboration on any particular topic.

    ii. Library Philosophy and Practice: An Introduction

    The Library Philosophy and Practice (LPP) is journal of repute and preferred among the research scholars. It publishes original research articles intended to explore new philosophy, theories and practice in Library and Information Science on peer review basis which may prove to significant and innovative. Based on the Scimago Journal and Country Index Rank the LPP has 14 H index among journals. The journal published from 1998 onwards by the University of Nebraska, Lincoln, United States ( The value and quality of the journal can be understood by the following figures which are adopted from the SCImago Journal & Country Rank.

    The SCImago Journal & Country Rank is a public domain portal that uses SCOPUS indicators to assess and analyze scientific domains. It compares and provides journals and country ranking. The journals are grouped in 27 thematic areas. 313 specific subjects' categories.

    The data has sourced from the over 34,100 titles from more than 5,000 publishers worldwide and performance metrics from 239 countries.

    As the website of SCImago, (n. d.) defined:

    "Scimago Journal Ranking (SJR) is a size-independent prestige indicator that ranks journals by their 'average prestige per article'. It is based on the idea that 'all citations are not created equal'. SJR is a measure of the scientific influence of journals that accounts for both the number of citations received by a journal and the importance or prestige of the journals where such citations come from. It measures the scientific influence of the average article in a journal and expresses how an average article of the journal is central to the global scientific discussion."

    The analysis in figure 1.1 shows that the journal prestige and value reached its top. However, afterward, it declining, yet it maintains a decent level among the contemporary journals published worldwide.

    The core value of any journals recognizes by its capabilities to be cited by the authors. The citations received from its paper for its papers (self-citation) and the citation received for others research papers as a whole. The LPP has an excellent track record of citation receiving and showing the path to the research communities across the world.

    The self-citation may be understood as the particular citation received in a publication published in the same journal, while the total number of citation is an addition to self-citation by the other citations published in other journals. In other words, a total citation received as whole including self-citations in a particular year. The development of the total number of citations and journal's self-citations received by a journal's published documents during the three previous years. SCImago, (n. d.) has defined the Journal Self-citation as the number of citation from a journal citing the article to articles published by the same journal.

    Figure 1.2 presents a comparison of self-citations and total cite value of the journal. It is visible that after 2008, the journal receiving more and more citations for the papers, however, the graph of self-citation is relatively not as higher as a total value of the journals worldwide.

    The journals from its inception, getting the number of citation that shows its significance and value for the researchers. Based on the Scimago Journal Ranking, the year-wise details of the citations received by the Library Philosophy and Practice (LPP) is in figure 3 given as below:

    The total number of citation received by the document is count by the indicator from a journal and divide by the total numbers of documents published in that journal. The figure 1.3 show that the average number of times document published in journal. It may be for past two years, three or four years. Here, one thing can noted that for the two years line is equal to the journal's impact factor metrics. Figure 1.3 reveals the two and four year's citation metrics for the journals LPP. The indicators show that both two and four year's citation have more or less similar patterns having a slight difference.

    iii. Features of LPP

    a. The journal publishes scholarly articles, reviews, and research papers through a peer review process that...

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