The Panjab University has a long tradition of pursuing excellence in teaching & research in science and technology, humanities, social sciences, performing arts and sports. The seventyeight Departments and four Chairs on the campus and the four Regional Centres are grouped under the Faculties of Arts, Science, Languages, Law, Education, Fine Arts, Business Management & Commerce, Engineering & Technology, Medical Sciences, Pharmaceutical Sciences and Dairying, Animal Husbandry & Agriculture. The University offers several diploma, degree, postgraduate and Ph.D. courses. The University Grants Commission and the Department of Science and Technology have recognized a large number of Departments of the university under various programmes, such as the Special Assistance Programme/Departmental Research Support (SAP/DRS), Centre for Advanced Study (CAS), Funds for Improvement of Science and Technology (FIST) and the Department of Special Assistance (DSA). The University is collaborating with several national and international organizations and also participating in major international multi-collaborative research projects .
The Department of Mathematics of Panjab University at Chandigarh is one of the leading departments of mathematics among the Indian universities. It began its journey as the Department of Computation at Hoshiarpur in 1950 under the stewardship of Dr. Hans Raj Gupta and it admitted students for M.A. in Mathematics and was renamed as "Department of Mathematics and Computation" in 1953. The department was shifted to Chandigarh in 1958. The department extended its activities and scope manifold since then. The University Grants Commission recognized the department as "Centre for Advanced Studies in Mathematics" in 1963. The department offers various courses like B.Sc. (Hons. School) in Mathematics and Mathematics & Computing and M.Sc. (Hons.] and Ph.D. The department has mushroomed as a centre of advanced research in numerous branches of pure and applied mathematics, such as number theory, algebra, continuum mechanics, nonlinear phenomena and applied mathematics. Currently, 14 research scholars are pursuing research under the guidance of of faculty members. The department promotes research in mathematics by conducting various mathematical instructional schools, annual foundation schools, Olympiad courses, seminars, symposia etc with the financial assistance from National Board for Higher Mathematics. The department has conducted several funded national projects.
1.1 Literature Review
A number of studies have been published on the performance Indian organizations, including the universities in Mysore , Jammu , Orissa , Kerala  and Rohtak  based on their publications output and citations received covering different periods. Similar studies were also published on the performance of Indian universities in broad fields of science and technology [7-8], physical sciences  and life sciences . In addition, quantitative studies were also published on the performance of Indian universities in chemistry [11-13], zoology  and mathematics [15-16].
The main objectives of this study are to study the performance of Panjab University in mathematics research during 2005-14, based on publications output, as indexed in Scopus database. In particular, the study focused on the following objectives--
* To study the growth of its publications and study its distribution by type of documents and sources;
* To study the impact of its publications using citations per paper and impact factor per paper;
* To study the citation pattern of its research output;
* To compare its performance with other leading universities;
* To study the distribution of its research output by broad subject areas and identification of significant keywords;
* To study the publication productivity and citation impact of its most productive authors;
* To study the leading medium of communication and to study the characteristics of high cited papers
The study retrieved and downloaded the publication data of Panjab University in mathematics from the Scopus database (http://www.scopus.com) during 2005-14. We started first in "Affiliation Search" with first keyword "Chandigarh" and then the keyword "Panjab University" and then limited this search to years 2005 to 2014. Once we got all the publications of Panjab University (7057 publications), we further restricted it to "Mathematics" on "Subject Area" tag. Here we got 432 publications. Here we noticed too much of overlapping in mathematics publications with physics publications. Then we again revised our search strategy and excluded physics publications from this output. This we got 230 publications of Panjab University in mathematics during 2005-14. These publications were pertaining to mathematics only and were relevant. The Final search strategy string used is given below.
(AF-ID("Panjab University" 60018526) OR AF-ID("University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences India" 60018483)) AND (LIMIT-TO(PUBYEAR,2015) OR LIMIT-TO(PUBYEAR,2014) OR LIMIT-TO(PUBYEAR,2013) OR LIMIT-TO(PUBYEAR,2012) OR LIMIT-TO(PUBYEAR,2011) OR LIMIT-TO(PUBYEAR,2010) OR LIMIT-TO(PUBYEAR,2009) OR LIMIT-TO(PUBYEAR,2008) OR LIMIT-TO(PUBYEAR,2007) OR LIMIT-TO(PUBYEAR,2006) OR LIMIT-TO(PUBYEAR,2005)) AND (LIMIT-TO(SUBJAREA,"MATH")) AND (EXCLUDE(SUBJAREA,"PHYS"))
When the main search string is further restricted to "author name tag"", source title tag", "keyword tag" "Affiliation tag" and "country/Territory tag", we got information on distribution of publications by authors, source, significant keywords, collaborating organizations and countries, etc. The citation data was collected from date of publication till the end of September 2015 for all publications. The study has used both quantitative and qualitative indicators to study the performance of Panjab University in mathematics research.
The number of publications by Panjab University in mathematics comprised of 230 publications during 2005-14 and these increased from 13 publications in 2005 to 30 in 2014, witnessing an annual average growth rate of 17.15%. The cumulative number of publications by Panjab University in mathematics increased from 87 during 2005-09 to 143 during 2010-14, witnessing a growth rate of 64.37%. The average citation per paper registered by Panjab University publications in mathematics was 2.92 during 2005-14, which decreased from 4.57 during 2005-09 to 1.91 during 2010-14 (Table 1). Of the 230 publication by Panjab University in mathematics, 90.43% (208) appeared as articles, 6.96% (16) as conference papers, 0.87% (2 each) as book chapters and erratum and 0.43% (1 each) as editorial and article in press during 2005-14
4.1 Distribution of Publications by Citations
Of the total 230 publications by Panjab University in mathematics, 43.91% (101 publications) did not get any citation (zero citation) since their publication till August 2015. The remaining 56.09% (129) publications received 1 or more citations: 49.57% (114 publications) received 1 to 10 citations, 4.78% (11 publications) received 11 to 20 citations and 1.74% (4 publications) received 21 to 30 citations during 2005- 14. The average number of citations per paper was 2.92 (Table 2).
4.2 Distribution of Publications by Impact Factor
Of the 230 publications by Panjab University in mathematics, 213 publications appeared in 95 journals. Of these 213 journal publications, only 178 publications appearing in 67 journals had impact factor information. The largest number of publications (121)...
Contribution and Citation Impact of Panjab University in Mathematics Research during 2005-14.
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