Conditions of confinement.

9. Condition of Confinement U.S. Appeals Court Frye v. Pettis County Sheriff Dept., 41 Fed.Appx. 906 (8th Cir. 2002). A pretrial detainee brought SANITATION a [section] 1983 action against county officials, alleging unsafe and hazardous living conditions TOILETS at a county jail. The district court granted summary judgment for the defendants and the appeals court affirmed. The appeals court held that the detainee failed to show that jail officials were deliberately indifferent to his health and safety because the toilet in his cell leaked both sewage and water. Jail staff frequently provided blankets or towels to absorb the water and a plumber had attempted to fix the toilet after the detainee slipped and fell. (Pettis County Jail, Missouri) U.S. District Court Moore v. Gardner, 199 F.Supp.2d 17 (W.D.N.Y. 2002). An inmate brought a pro se action against TEMPERATURE prison officials under [section] 1983 and [section] 1985, alleging mail tampering and unconstitutional conditions of confinement. The district granted summary judgment, in part, to the defendants, finding that the alleged mail tampering did not result in an actual injury to the inmate. The court denied summary judgment for the defendants on the issue of whether the inmate was subjected to unconstitutionally cold conditions. The inmate alleged he was forced to live in a cold, drafty cell for three weeks during the winter, without his bed sheets and with only one blanket. (Southport Correctional Facility, New York) U.S. Appeals Court Rahman X v. Morgan, 300 F.3d 970 (8th Cir. 2002). A state prisoner sued prison officials, alleging DEATH PENALTY constitutional violations resulting from his placement in segregation rather than death row. The district court dismissed the claim following a bench trial. The appeals court affirmed, finding that the prisoner was given process sufficient to comply with the due process clause. The appeals court held that there was a rational basis for treating the prisoner differently from other inmates who had been sentenced to death, due to his prior violent assaults and attempts to break out of his cell, which justified housing him in a cell with more secure doors. The prisoner had been sentenced to death for killing a correctional officer and had spent 26 months in segregation, where he...

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