A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF INFORMATION LITERACY SELF-EFFICACY SKILLS OF POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS IN LIBRARY SCHOOLS IN SOUTH-SOUTH, NIGERIA.

Author:Israel, Odede
 
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Introduction

Information literacy self-efficacy is an important concept in today's educational development especially in new media and information environments. Information literacy self-efficacy plays an important role among students in their academic pursuits, especially in accessing electronic information resources. There is the tendency that students who possess information literacy self-efficacy skills are likely to achieve their full academic potential. It is the competence and confidence exhibited to actualise specific goals or objectives. Hence, information literacy self-efficacy construct has been associated with higher levels of motivation in students (Pinto & Sales, 2010) and also with academic success (Bayram & Comek, 2009). Information literacy self-efficacy emphasizes the possession of information skills and the confidence to use these skills effectively. In other words, learning certain skills is not sufficient; individuals should also develop confidence in the skills that they are learning. Hence, besides possessing information literacy skills individuals of today's societies must also be confident in the use of these skills. Therefore, attainment of high sense of self-efficacy beliefs is as important as possessing information literacy skills.

Literature review

Various studies have shown that information literacy self-efficacy plays an important role in students' learning and educational achievements (De Meulemeester, 2013; Ross, Perkins & Bodey, 2013; Zinn, 2013). The importance of information literacy self-efficacy in the overall success of students cannot be over emphasized as it facilitates lifelong learning. This is because information literacy self-efficacy and academic motivation are both argued to play important roles in student academic development and lifelong learning. Lifelong learning consists of all of the formal and informal learning activities that students experienced to develop their knowledge, skills, and abilities individually and socially (Diker-Coskun and Demirel, 2010). Lifelong learning is a key part of individuals updating their knowledge and skills, in that, people can learn if they are continuously in need of learning (Colakoglu, 2002). Lifelong learning requires obtaining constantly information literacy skills and then having the confidence in using the skills in accessing and evaluating information effectively. To achieve this, one important factor for individuals is information literacy self-efficacy.

According to Ross et al. (2013), information literacy self-efficacy is a predictor of student academic achievement. As such, there is a relationship between information literacy self-efficacy and academic motivation. Information literacy self-efficacy is essential as it enable students to be sophisticated in their ability to access, evaluate and use information appropriately (KilicCakmak, 2010:193). Information literacy self-efficacy thus has a critical role, particularly in new media and information environment as it is associated with the competence and confidence needed in today's web environment where numerous electronic resources are domicile. This is because students with higher information literacy self-efficacy are more likely to have high library skills (Tang and Tseng, 2013:103) that will enable them make judicious use of library resources especially electronic information resources. The significance of information literacy self-efficacy is increasing rapidly in parallel with current needs due to technological changes, and increase and multiplication in information sources. Since information sources have become more complex, students in their academic studies are confronted with various and abundant information which require information literacy self-efficacy for effective and efficient utilization. The use of library and its resources depends heavily on the students' personal conviction of information literacy self-efficacy skills. Therefore, information literacy self-efficacy has become crucial in this information age where electronic resources are inevitable especially for students' research. As such, the degree by which a given user could search successfully and in different spans of time is highly related to the concept of information literacy self-efficacy. Hence, Kurbanoglu, Akkoyunlu & Umay (2006) noted that information literacy self-efficacy is an integrated concept that enhances people's belief and skills in accessing, using, sharing and evaluating information.

Information literacy self-efficacy enhances the critical attitude of the student, and therefore, could motivate the student for autonomous lifelong learning...

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