Citation analysis of dissertations of law submitted to University of Delhi, Delhi.

Author:Burman, Joginder Singh
  1. Introduction

    In ancient period, there was lack of mode of communication. The source of extensive of ideas was assembly. When judges write opinions, they perpetually cite cases and other authorities. Lawyers, legal scholars and judges all pepper their writings with links to earlier sources. Citations within court decision are nothing but arguments themselves and shows the decision of case. Analysis of the citations employed by Legal writers offers similar promise as a tool for exploration of legal thought. (Widdison, 2002). Yet, Bibliometrics, Citation Indexing, Citation Analysis all appear to have been practiced in the legal field long before they were introduced into scientific literature. Therefore, when two Judges who are deciding different cases, cite some of the same authorities, this does mean that those cases are, at least somehow, relevant to each other (Smith, 2007).

    Citation Analysis is the applied research method by librarians, teachers and information scientist to indicate the relationship that exist between cited and citing document. Martyn (1975) says, "a Citation implies the relationship between a part or whole of the cited document or the whole of the citing documents ".Thus, Citation analysis is useful for understanding subject relationships, authors effectiveness, publication trends and so on. It looks at citations to and from documents. If, there is a citation between two documents, there is some kind of relationship between these texts. This relationship can be further explored and used to learn more about the characteristics of the connected documents. (Feather and Sturges, 2003). The present study focused at deriving qualitative and quantitative analysis based on the citations collected from the end of the dissertations submitted in 2006 by the students of LLM, University of Delhi, Delhi.

  2. Objectives: The study intends to identify the following objectives:

  3. Form-wise distribution of documents cited by LLM Students.

  4. Ranking List of the Journals.

  5. Author-ship Pattern in citations.

  6. Country-wise distribution of the journals.

  7. Subject-wise distribution of the journals.

  8. Year-wise distribution of Periodical literature.

  9. Methodology: A total 3052 citations have been collected from Thirty Three dissertations available in the Campus Law Centre Library, University of Delhi, Delhi. The citations appended to each dissertation under the study were collected using a predefined 5" x 3" slips.

  10. Data Analysis and Interpretation

    Data collected from the source dissertations have been classified, tabulated and analyzed in accordance with the set objectives of the study. Only data belonging to the periodicals have been analyzed in depth.

    Table-1 shows that out of 3052 total citations, 779 (25.52%) documents were in the form of Journal articles followed by Books i.e. 678 (22.21%) with a slightly difference. It is clearly revealed that around 50% information needs of LLM students are met by periodicals and books only. Constitutions /Statutes / Acts comes at the third with 499 (16.34%) citations followed by Reports, Web-sites, Reviews and Conventions / Conferences documents accounts to 9.27%, 8.42%, 8.02% and 6.09% respectively. 15 publications could not be identified as they were not expressed properly. The rest documents has been given in the Fig. 1.

    A total of 52 Journals have been identified in Tabel-2 in...

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