Chapter II. Treaty provisions concerning the legal status of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations

a. Treaty provisions concerning the legal status of the united nations

  1. convention on the privileges and immunities of the united nations.1 approved by the general assembly of the united nations on 13 february 1 46

    as at 31 december 2000, there were 142 states parties to the convention.2

  2. agreements relating to installations and meetings

    (a) cooperation agreement between the united nations and the government of the Kingdom of thailand concerning the international institute for trade and development. signed at bangkok on 17 february 20003

    the united nations, represented by the united nations conference on trade and development (“unctad”), and the government of the Kingdom of thailand (“the government”), hereinafter referred to as “the parties”,

    Noting the views expressed by member states, international organizations and civil society at the tenth session of the united nations conference on trade and development, held in bangkok from 12 to 1 february 2000, on the challenges and risks of globalization and liberalization for the world’s economic growth and development, and on the development strategies that would enable countries to integrate effectively into the global economic system,

    Recognizing the continuing growth in demand from developing countries for training and capacity-building assistance to cope with the rise in the complexity of regional and international economic arrangements due to the globalization and liberalization process in the world economy,

    Recalling general assembly resolutions 1 5 (XiX), as amended, 47/183 of 22 december 1 2, 51/167 of 16 december 1 6 and 53/1 2 of 15 december 1 8,

    Concurring that a research and training facility at the regional level would strengthen developing countries’ capacities to deal with a broad range of regional and international trade and development issues,

    Desiring to cooperate in supporting such research and training facilities, Have agreed as follows:

    Article I

    EstablishmEnt and status of thE intErnational institutE for tradE and dEvElopmEnt

  3. the international institute for trade and development (“the institute”) shall be established by the government as a thai legal entity under thai law at chulalongkorn university.

  4.   The Institute shall be a non-profit organization and operate as a regional  research and training centre with assistance from unctad, other international agencies and donor countries.

  5. unctad shall assist the government in the establishment and operation of the institute in accordance with the provisions of this agreement. all assistance provided by unctad under this agreement shall be subject to the availability of extrabudgetary resources and in accordance with unctad regulations, rules, procedures and directives.

  6. detailed arrangements between the parties concerning the implementation of this cooperation agreement shall be agreed upon subsequently.

    Article II

    objEctivEs of thE institutE

    the objectives of the institute shall be:

  7. to provide knowledge to participants from countries in the asian region and beyond through training and research programmes in the area of international trade,  finance,  investment  and  development  and  in  other  relevant  areas  to  enable  them to adjust effectively to the globalization and liberalization process;

  8. to assist developing countries in the region in building their capacities to meet the challenges and risks of globalization and in formulating appropriate economic policies and legislative adjustments in accordance with their development objectives;

  9. to promote and strengthen regional economic cooperation and integration through sharing and exchanging of experiences and knowledge;

  10. to serve as a focal point and provide a forum for training and capacity-building activities by unctad and other interested organizations.

    Article III

    scopE of activitiEs

    To fulfil its objectives as set out in article II, the Institute shall carry out the  following functions, inter alia:

  11. provide training and research activities in the following areas: (a) Commercial diplomacy: to enable developing countries to maximize their potential benefits from the international trading system by engaging effectively in  negotiations and defending their rights in the implementation of international and regional trade and investment agreements;

    (b) Globalization and liberalization: to help increase the capacity of developing countries in managing and meeting the challenges and risks of globalization and liberalization and to assist them in formulating appropriate policies and legislative adjustments to the globalization and liberalization process in accordance with their development objectives;

    (c) International trade and investment facilitation: to assist countries in improving systems and procedures for trade expansion in such areas as trade efficiency, customs, maritime transport and financial management; 

  12. conduct and/or commission research and analysis activities on the potential and risks of globalization and liberalization for economic growth and development, in particular on issues related to trade, finance, investment and development,  to provide inputs and information for the institute’s training, workshop and seminar programmes;

  13. establish academic networks and promote linkages with national, regional and international organizations in providing training and research in the areas of trade, finance, investment and development;

  14. conduct other activities to promote better understanding of the potential, challenges and risks of globalization and liberalization and their impact on economic growth and development.

    Article IV

    ExEcutivE board of thE institutE

  15. an executive board of the institute shall be established to oversee the operation of the institute. the composition of the executive board shall be decided by the government. unctad shall provide advisory services to the executive board.

  16. the executive board shall, inter alia, have the following functions:

    (a) formulate policies for the activities to be carried out by the institute;

    (b) consider and approve the budget, project proposals, budget allocation, annual work programmes and other activities of the institute;

    (c) appoint the executive director of the institute;

    (d) review and evaluate the operation of the institute, including the implementation of ongoing projects and activities based on the recommendations and assessment of the executive director;

    (e) advise on and approve fund-generating projects and activities to raise financial support for the Institute;

    (f) approve an annual report to the parties on the activities of the institute;

    (g) advise on other matters to ensure the effective operation of the institute.

  17. a programme advisory group and a financial advisory group may be established by the executive board to assist the executive board in preparing the work programme of the institute and in mobilizing resources for the implementation of the work programme. the programme advisory group may comprise experts from the academic arena. the financial advisory group may comprise representatives from the donor countries and organizations concerned with the operation of the institute.

    Article V

    organization and managEmEnt of thE institutE

  18. the institute shall be headed by a full-time executive director appointed by the executive board.

  19. the executive director shall, under the overall policy guidance of the executive board, be responsible for the management of the operation and activities of the institute, including instructor and staff selection and liaison with other institutions, and shall oversee the expenditure of the institute’s funds. in addition, the executive director shall submit each year to the executive board for its consideration the work programme, budget and a report on the activities of the previous year.

  20. the executive director shall be assisted by the programme director provided by unctad.

    Article VI

    financial arrangEmEnts

  21. the institute shall establish a trust fund to receive contributions from donor countries, intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations and  other  sources  to  finance  the  work  programmes,  operation  and  administrative  costs and other related costs of the institute, inter alia:

    (a) the costs of the operation, maintenance and repair of the institute’s premises, equipment and facilities;

    (b) salaries and other emoluments of the executive director and the local staff;

    (c) utilities, transportation and telecommunication expenses related to the institute’s operation;

    (d) all other costs and liabilities arising from the establishment and operation of the institute.

  22. to ensure effective and smooth operation of the institute, unctad and the government, in cooperation with other united nations agencies, non-governmental organizations, other international organizations, civil society and donor countries, shall use their best efforts to mobilize necessary resources for the institute’s trust fund.

  23. the trust fund account shall be audited on an annual basis by an independent certified public accounting firm proposed by the Executive Board. The Executive  director shall supply to both parties and the executive board each year information regarding the use of funds or assets provided or financed by either Party within the  framework of this agreement.

    Article VII

    contributions by thE govErnmEnt

  24. the government shall provide space for the institute at chulalongkorn university.

  25. the government shall facilitate, on a rental basis, accommodation for instructors and participants in the training programme seminars and workshops and the work programme of the institute.

  26. the government shall contribute 10 million baht to cover the expenses for the establishment of the institute and its initial stage of operation.

    Article VIII

    contributions by unctad

  27. subject to the availability of extrabudgetary resources and in accordance with its regulations, rules, procedures and directives, unctad...

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