Changing Digital Environment: Assessing Reading Materials Chosen by Students of Library and Information Science Program.

Author:Rachman, Margareta Aulia
 
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  1. Introduction

    The reading materials available in library will greatly determine the quality of learning. Types of library materials developed in line with the development of information technology that begins with the emergence of digital libraries. Academic libraries have traditionally played an important role in providing access to and disseminating information across learning and research communities. That role has now been extended to facilitating access to electronic resources such as e-journals and e-books through innovative technologies (Adeyinka, et al, 2018). The study revealed that the law students ,in India, use IT-based library sources and facilities more frequently along with printed sources (Kadli & Hanchinal, 2015). Academic literature is of great help for the students of library and information science in grasping the nuances of the profession to provide better and innovative services. Having mentioned that, it becomes necessary to analyze whether this literature is of real help for the students.

    Reading is considered crucial for gaining the necessary information and insights, which prepares a person to face the diverse challenges of modern times. Akanda et al. (2013) asserted that the ability to read is an important part of self-education and lifelong learning and this ability has the potential of transforming life and society.

    The issue of reading, especially book reading, has received much attention from different quarters of society in recent times because of a decline in reading is experienced, in particular among the youth (Clark and Foster, 2005). The reasons for the reduction in the reading habits of the general public, especially students and young people, are being widely debated upon and discussed by academicians, intellectuals, writers, librarians, and reading enthusiasts (Akanda et al., 2013).

    Department of Library and Information Science, Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Indonesia (hereinafter referred to as the DIPI FIB UI) is one of the oldest higher education institutions that provides education program in the field of Library, Information and Archives Science in Indonesia since 1952. As the first library science program in Indonesia, library science programs take the role of helping government formulate policies, produce the latest research and community service and become a pioneer in library management in Indonesia. Improving the reading habit of the students and turning them into lifelong learners are quite important for building a knowledge society. Reading is essential because it equips people with necessary knowledge and understanding, not only for building their own life but also for contributing positively in the socioeconomic development of the nation. The purpose of this study is to assess reading materials chosen by students of Library and Information Science Program of Universitas Indonesia.

  2. Literature Review

    Digital libraries began their most primitive form in the 1990s as collection of photos posted on local Web Homepages. At that time there were no standards for their creation, no way to effectively search item, no way to support the wide variety of digital material--photos, images, documents, books--and few of these collections were sustainable over time (Rubin, 2016).

    Clark and Rumbold (2006) observed that, in addition to personal and mental developments, reading is critical for ensuring one's access to social, economic and civic life. Against the backdrop of rapidly changing nature of life as well as the society, reading is considered crucial for people from all cross-sections of life for successfully coping with the complexities and challenges of the 21st century. In recent times, the emergence of digital technologies and various modes of social interaction, reading is facing a number of hurdles. Research about perception and usage pattern of e-book among LIS undergraduate students shown that LIS undergraduate students uses e-books more than printed books (Adeyinka, et.al: 2018).

    Other studies show that there are two factors causing students' reluctance to read. The first is the internal factors that include (1) the student does not have reading culture (2) the student prefers other activities with his friends to reading during spare time on campus. The second factor is the external factors that include (1) the assigned task does not require them to read a lot (2) the library collection is inadequate that the students feel reluctant to enter the library because they do not get the required references (3) ridicule from friends to those who try to make use of...

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