Cause and Effect: When violence strikes a community, newspapers should focus on the root.

Author:Gallagher, Tim
Position:Business of news
 
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An agitated military veteran walked into a VA clinic in Austin, Texas in April, and while in a waiting room with hundreds of people, shot himself to death. He was the 19th military veteran to kill himself in a VA facility in the last two years.

In Thousand Oaks, Calif., near where I live, a military veteran walked into a dance club and bar last November and killed 11 people before killing himself. (A deputy sheriff who tried to capture him was killed by friendly fire.)

Life goes on in Austin and Thousand Oaks where people now attach bravery to the area code (with social media hashtags like #805Strong, the Ventura County area code) and discuss how the community came together after the tragedy. There were concerts and memorials. Many people gave money to the families of the victims.

These examples are the most horrific, but our news pages are filled with the incidents that attract the TV trucks from out-of-town: domestic violence that ends in multiple deaths; hate crimes; "suicide by cop" and more.

Newspapers often report these stories in two stages: a two- or three-day coverage of the "senseless tragedy" featuring stories of the deceased followed by reporting on the memorials or community ceremonies and fundraisers. I suggest that newspaper reporters and editors have an obligation to break through the traditional way of covering such a tragedy or any other social ill, and report both the root causes and whether meaningful change is accomplished. It's fine for people to attend memorials and give donations. It helps us to salve the wounds and support the families. But after those ceremonies are over, we are obliged to strip the sentiment and report the underlying situation that caused the tragedy to begin with.

Here are some examples:

Domestic violence, bullying and multiple shootings: Physical and verbal violence plague our communities.

Get at the root causes of violent behavior by young people. Why do so many of them resort to physical or verbal violence? Where do they learn this behavior and how do we unravel this?

In my community, the local school board in the weeks after the shooting spent no time talking about or giving additional funding to conflict resolution programs in grade schools. (These are tested and effective programs that teach children to resolve their differences peacefully.) No counselors were added to any school budget to help children deal with their issues caused by bullying or violence.

In the same vein ...

Gang...

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