Book Review: Ending zero tolerance: The crisis of absolute school discipline

AuthorBrandon C. Dulisse
Published date01 September 2022
Date01 September 2022
Subject MatterBook Reviews
pasts. Abrams and Terry explored three strategies for dealing with daily risksavoiding dangers,
running and hiding, and calculated risk-taking. Youth also reported their past interactions with the
police, including incidents of racial proling and harassment.
Chapter 7, Finding a Net to Fall Back On,focused on desistance experiences of female youth.
The authors discussed how femalesobstacles differed from malesand the role of relationships in the
desistance process. Although females and males had similar struggles with housing, jobs, and eco-
nomic issues, females did not experience criminal temptations and being marked as the males did.
Instead, the females reported struggling with personal safety and economic issues.
Chapters 8 and 9 conclude the book. In Chapter 8, Everyday Desistance: Theory Meets Reality,
Abrams and Terry summarize their major ndings. They discuss how desistance appears for youth,
the role of motivation to change, and gender-specic patterns. Further, they did not nd one single
pathway to desistance but a number of internal and external factors that contributed to desistance.
Abrams and Terry found that individual motivation contributed to the desistance process but was
not enough alone. In this chapter, the authors state that instead of trying to pinpoint desisters
and persisters,we should focus more on tools that help youth reach desistance goals. In Chapter
9, Policy and Practice Reforms,Abrams and Terry explore the importance of prevention
against initial delinquent involvement, and how youth can navigate the pathways of desistance,
and specic policies supporting desistance.
A notable limitation to Everyday Desistance is its generalizability. Their study was qualitative,
with all participants from the same geographic area. However, Abrams and Terry note in Chapter
9 that their study was not intended to be generalizable but that they purposefully sampled youth
whose experiences captured a more typical, nonlinear trajectory of the desistance process.
Everyday Desistance is a well-written, comprehensive examination of formerly incarcerated youth
navigating the outside world, while dealing with obstacles and barriers. This book would be well
suited for both graduates and undergraduates, as its introduction provides the basic background to the
concept of desistance. This book would be appropriate for courses such as criminological theory and
juvenile delinquency. Additionally, this book goes beyond criminal justice and applies to those inter-
ested in social work and child welfare. Abrams and Terry effectively tie together the importance of
understanding desistance and the policy implications surrounding desistance research. They break
down the desistance process in a way that is easy for students to grasp, and the book would be insightful
and valuable to those interested in working with juveniles. Abrams and Terry note how the current lit-
erature and theory lacks a rich description of the everyday challenges that these young people face, the
way they navigate these barriers, and the personal victories they achieve along the way(p. 8), and they
successfully helped ll this gap in the literature through their workEveryday Desistance.
Beverly Reece
Black, D. W. (2016). Ending zero tolerance: The crisis of absolute school discipline. New York: New York University
Press. 237 pp. $24.95, ISBN: 9781479882335.
Reviewed by: Brandon C. Dulisse ,Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA, USA
DOI: 10.1177/0734016819856069
For over half a century, legal questions over public schoolsability to administer punishment have
been meted out in the appellate court system, leading to an ever-changing denition of legal and
400 Criminal Justice Review 47(3)

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